Georges Seurat. Letter to Félix Fénéon. June 20, 1890 [Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris; drafts in the Morgan Library, New York, and the De Hauke archives; published in Ref. Herbert 1991], sets down the chronology of the evolution of La Grande Jatte; in the Morgan draft, states that both the studies and the final painting were begun on Accension Day, 1884.
Julius Meier-Graefe. Entwicklungsgeschichte der Modernen Kunst. Stuttgart, 1904, vol. 3, ill. p. 102, as in the collection of Félix Fénéon; dates it 1884.
F[rits]. v[on]. O[stini]. "Französische Künstler im Münchener Kunstverein." Münchener Neueste Nachrichten no. 415 (September 6, 1906).
Wilhelm Michel. "Eine Ausstellung Französischer Künstler im Münchener Kunstverein." Zeitschrift für bildende Kunst 18 (1907), p. 26.
Ulfred Kirstein. "Ein Sonntag auf der Grande Jatte." Meister der Farbe. 5, no. 10, 1908, essay no. 343, unpaginated, ill. (color).
Julius Meier-Graefe. Modern Art, Being a Contribution to a New System of Aesthetics. London, 1908, vol. 1, p. 311, ill. opp. p. 310, mentions that it appeared in Paris at the Salon des Indépendants.
J.-F. Schnerb. "Un Dimanche à la Grande Jatte (Esquisse)." Les Maîtres contemporains (1908), unpaginated, no. 55, ill. (color), as in the collection of Félix Fénéon.
Henri Matisse. Letter to Walter Pach. November 20, 1915 [published and translated in John Cauman, "Henri Matisse's Letters to Walter Pach", Archives of American Art Journal 31, no. 3 (1991), p. 4], hopes Pach will "have the large Seurat that [he] want[s]" for Exh. New York 1916; states that it will likely be shipped together with his own works.
Julius Meier-Graefe. Entwicklungsgeschichte der Modernen Kunst. 2, 2nd ed. Munich, 1915, pl. 383.
Walter Pach. Letter to Henri Matisse. October 21, 1915 [excerpted in Laurette E. McCarthy, "Walter Pach: Artist, Critic, Historian, and Agent of Modernism", Ph.D. diss., University of Delaware (1996), p. 142], states that he hopes to show it at Exh. New York 1916.
"More Modern Art at Bourgeois'." American Art News 14 (April 8, 1916), p. 3.
Walter Pach. "Modern Art Today." Harper's Weekly 62 (April 29, 1916), pp. 470–71, ill., review of Exh. New York 1916.
Fritz Burger. "Einführung in die Moderne Kunst." Die Kunst des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts. 1, Berlin, 1917, pp. 92–93, pl. 106.
Walter Pach. Georges Seurat. New York, 1923, p. 22, calls it the definitive sketch for the final composition; observes in the sketch "a tendency to brush together the colors"; contrasts its execution with that of the finished work.
Hans Hildebrandt. Die Kunst des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts. 2, Wildpark-Potsdam, 1924, pl. 374.
Anton Springer. "Von 1800 bis zur Gegenwart." Handbuch der Kunstgeschichte. 5, 1925, p. 290, ill. [see Ref. Dorra and Rewald 1959].
Forbes Watson. "A Note on the Birch-Bartlett Collection." The Arts 9 (June 1926), p. 304, ill. p. 309.
Stephan Bourgeois. The Adolph Lewisohn Collection of Modern French Paintings and Sculptures. New York, 1928, pp. 186–87, ill.
Stephan Bourgeois. "The Passion of Art Collecting: Notes on the Adolph Lewisohn Collection." Art News (April 14, 1928), pp. 60, 65, ill.
Robert Allerton Parker. "The Drawings of Georges Seurat." International Studio 91 (September 1928), pp. 16, 20, ill. (color).
A[lfred]. H. B[arr]. Jr. First Loan Exhibition: Cézanne, Gauguin, Seurat, van Gogh. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1929, pp. 25, 43, no. 56, ill., dates it 1885–86; analyses its organization; calls it the final study for "La Grande Jatte"; compares the composition to that of "La Parade".
Guy Eglinton. Reaching for Art. Boston, 1931, p. 46, ill. opp. p. 48.
Samuel A. Lewisohn. "Drama in Painting." Creative Art 9 (September 1931), ill. p. 192.
R. H. Wile[n]ski. French Painting. Boston, 1931, pp. 318, 322, dates it 1884–86; states that it stands halfway between the first sketches of the composition and the final work.
Stephan Bourgeois and Waldemar George. "The French Paintings of the XIXth and XXth Centuries in the Adolph and Samuel Lewisohn Collection." Formes nos. 28–29 (1932), pp. 301, 306, ill. between pp. 304 and 305.
Exhibition of French Art, 1200–1900. Exh. cat., Royal Academy of Arts. London, 1932, p. 238, no. 523, dates it 1884; incorrectly lists an exhibition in 1924 at The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Royal Academy of Arts. Commemorative Catalogue of the Exhibition of French Art, 1200–1900. London, 1933, p. 113, no. 503.
Modern Works of Art. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1934, pp. 12, 24, no. 27, pl. 27, dates it 1885–86; refers to it as the large final study for "La Grande Jatte".
[René] Édouard-Joseph. Dictionnaire biographique des artistes contemporains 1910–1930. 3, Paris, 1934, pp. 293–95, ill. p. 294, estimates that it is one of around sixty studies for the canvas now in Chicago.
Daniel Catton Rich. Seurat and the Evolution of "La Grande Jatte". Chicago, 1935, pp. 17, 24–25, 58, no. 49, pl. XLIV [excerpt reprinted in "Seurat in Perspective", ed. Norma Broude, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1978, pp. 72, 76, fig. 14], calls it a definitive study that is chiefly concerned with color harmony; believes that Seurat greatly depended on it when enlarging the design onto the final canvas; considers the intensity of color and concludes that it exceeds that of the finished painting.
Meyer Schapiro. "Seurat and 'La Grande Jatte'." Columbia Review 17 (November 1935), ill. p. 8.
Introduction by R. H. Wilenski. Vanity Fair's Portfolio of Modern French Art. New York, 1935, unpaginated, colorpl. 16.
Edward Alden Jewell. "Gallery to Open in Capital Today." New York Times (November 14, 1937), p. 51, mentions that the painting is included in an exhibition at the Washington Gallery of the Museum of Modern Art in 1937.
Sam A. Lewisohn. Painters and Personality: A Collector's View of Modern Art. [New York], 1937, pp. 46, 49, pl. 7 [rev. ed., 1948, p. 46, pl. 7].
Sam A. Lewisohn. "Personalities Past and Present." Art News, section I (The 1939 Annual), 37 (February 25, 1939), pp. 69, 155, ill. (installation photo of Lewisohn's home), states that he and his father bought it in 1919, citing the "combination of vivacity and order" as its greatest merit.
Art in our Time. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1939, unpaginated, no. 74, ill., calls it the "final and nearly complete study" for the painting in Chicago.
Views of Paris: Loan Exhibition of Paintings. Exh. cat., M. Knoedler & Co. New York, 1939, p. 23, no. 37, dates it about 1885.
Mary H. Piexotto. "Famous Art Collections: The Lewisohn Collection." Studio 117 (March 1939), p. 99, ill.
Travel Magazine (March 1939), fig. 14 [see Ref. de Hauke 1961].
Alfred M. Frankfurter. "383 Masterpieces of Art." Art News, (The 1940 Annual), 38 (May 25, 1940), p. 66, states that it is an "intermediate state toward a large picture".
André Maurois. "French Art." Studio 120 (August 1940), p. 37, ill., calls it one of Seurat's two "grandest pictures".
Walter Pach in Masterpieces of Art: Catalogue of European and American Paintings, 1500–1900. Exh. cat., World's Fair. New York, 1940, pp. 239, 248, 250, no. 369, ill., dates it 1884; calls it the "final and perfect study" for the version in Chicago.
R. H. Wilenski. Modern French Painters. New York, , p. 349.
John Rewald. Georges Seurat. [2nd, revised ed. 1946; French ed. 1948]. New York, 1943, pp. 20–21, fig. 71 [2nd, rev. ed., 1946, p. 20, fig. 71; French ed., 1948, p. 54, fig. 50], dates it 1884–85; discusses the evolution of the composition; believes many of the drawings were completed in the studio.
Lionello Venturi. "The Art of Seurat." Gazette des beaux-arts, 6th ser., 26 (July 1944), pp. 426–27, fig. 5, refers to it as the definite study; compares the treatment of landscape in with that in the study once owned by Chester Beatty (now Whitney collection, New York).
Hans Huth. "Impressionism Comes to America." Gazette des beaux-arts, 6th ser., 29 (April 1946), p. 239 n. 22, suggests that this may be the study for the "Grande Jatte" that was exhibited in 1886 in New York at the American Art Association and the National Academy of Design [see Notes].
Margaret Breuning. "Seurat Exhibition Benefits the Blind." Art Digest 23 (April 15, 1949), p. 14, ill., believes the painting reveals Seurat's ability to create a harmonious totality.
Howard Devree. "Seurat the Unique." New York Times (April 24, 1949), p. X9, discusses the exhibition at Knoedler.
Seurat, 1859–1891: Paintings and Drawings. Exh. cat., Knoedler Galleries. New York, 1949, unpaginated; no. 7, ill.
"What They Said"-Postscript to Art Criticism. Exh. cat., Durand-Ruel Gallery. New York, 1949, unpaginated; no. 7, ill.
John Rewald. Seurat (1859–1891). [1st ed.]. Paris, [1949?], unpaginated, pl. 25, dates it 1884–85.
Lionello Venturi. Impressionists and Symbolists. 2, New York, 1950, p. 145, fig. 147 [French ed., "De Manet à Lautrec", Paris, 1953, p. 193, ill.], dates it 1884–85; refers to it as the definitive sketch for the final composition; comments on the atmosphere and the "phantom" quality of the figures.
Raymond Cogniat. Seurat. Paris, [1951?], pl. 13 [see Ref. Dorra and Rewald 1959].
Jacques de Laprade. Seurat. Paris, 1951, ill. p. 49, dates it 1885.
Aline B. Louchheim. "Sam Lewisohn and His Legacy to Art." New York Times (March 25, 1951), p. 85, states that Lewisohn purchased it for $6,200 in 1919.
Art Treasures of the Metropolitan: A Selection from the European and Asiatic Collections of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1952, pp. 233–34, no. 150, ill. (color), dates it 1884; hails it as an innovative combination of Impressionistic subject matter and a disciplined method of execution.
James Thrall Soby. De David à Toulouse-Lautrec: Chefs-d'œuvre des collections américaines. Exh. cat., Musée de l'Orangerie. Paris, 1955, unpaginated, no. 51, pl. 89.
Giulia Veronesi. "Saluto alla Francia." Emporium 122 (September 1955), pp. 119–21, ill. (detail).
Paul Bonnet. "Seurat et le Neo-Impressionnisme." Le Crocodile: Bulletin de l'Association Générale de l'Internat des Hospices Civils de Lyon (October–December 1957), pp. 11, 14, 22 [see Ref. de Hauke 1961].
A. Hyatt Mayor. "The Gifts that Made the Museum." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 16 (November 1957), p. 106.
John O'Connell Kerr. "Seurat the Silent Post-Impressionist." The Studio 155 (May 1958), pp. 129–31, ill.
Seurat: Paintings and Drawings. Exh. cat., Art Institute of Chicago. Chicago, 1958, pp. 14, 31, 59, no. 100, ill.
Marvin D. Schwartz. "News and Views from New York." Apollo 67 (May 1958), p. 180, fig. II.
Henri Dorra and John Rewald. Seurat: L'œuvre peint, biographie et catalogue critique. Paris, 1959, p. LXXVI n. 59d, pp. LXXXV, 150–51, no. 138, ill.
C[ésar]. M[ange]. de Hauke. Seurat et son œuvre. Paris, 1961, vol. 1, pp. 94–95, 197, 200, 231, 234, 238, 273, 285, no. 142, ill., does not include it in the 1892 exhibition of the Société des Artistes Indépendants [see Exhibitions], but does include it in the 1886 New York Impressionist exhibition [see Notes]; reproduces gallery installation photographs showing this picture on the wall in the 1949 Knoedler exhibition and the 1958 Chicago exhibition.
John Rewald. The History of Impressionism. rev., enl. ed. New York, 1961, ill. p. 513.
William Innes Homer. Seurat and the Science of Painting. Cambridge, Mass., 1964, pp. 123,125, fig. 35, believes this study reveals how the final version appeared before it was reworked in the summer of 1885.
John Russell. Seurat. New York, 1965, pp. 164–65, colorpl. 151.
James Laver. "Fashion, Art, and Beauty." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 26 (November 1967), ill. p. 126, dates it about 1885.
Charles Sterling and Margaretta M. Salinger. "XIX–XX Centuries." French Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 3, New York, 1967, pp. 194–97, ill., date it 1885, one year before the painting in Chicago; believe it to be the study that is nearest to the final work, yet cite its color as more intense, the light as more rich, and the observation of nature as more direct; conclude that, overall, it contains a higher level of sensitivity and intimacy, something most apparent when compared to the imposing grandeur of the Chicago version.
Pierre Courthion. Georges Seurat. 1st ed. New York, , pp. 106–7, ill. (color), discusses the alteration of several compositional details between this sketch and the final version in Chicago.
Robert L. Herbert. Neo-Impressionism. Exh. cat., Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. New York, 1968, pp. 112–13, no. 76, ill. (color), argues that its color is closer to Seurat's original intentions, as the Chicago painting was composed with unstable pigments that faded with time; compares the underpainting of the final version to this composition; incorrectly states that it was exhibited at Durand-Ruel, New York, in 1886.
Margaretta M. Salinger. "Windows Open to Nature." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 27 (Summer 1968), unpaginated, ill.
Edith A. Standen in Masterpieces of Painting in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. New York, , p. 86, ill. (color).
Niels Luning Prak. "Seurat's Surface Pattern and Subject Matter." Art Bulletin 53 (September 1971), p. 367, fig. 2 (detail).
Louis Hautecœur. Georges Seurat. Milan, 1972, ill. p. 5 (color), fig. 51.
Fiorella Minervino in L'opera completa di Seurat. [1st, French ed., 1973]. Milan, 1972, pp. 99–101, no. 141, ill. p. 100, colorpl. XIX B.
Iku Takenaka et al. Seurat et le néo-impressionnisme. [Tokyo], 1972, p. 116, no. 31, ill. (color and black and white).
Mitsuhiko Kuroe. Pissarro/Sisley/Seurat. Tokyo, 1973, p. 140, no. 58, ill. (overall, color and black and white, and color detail).
John Rewald. The History of Impressionism. 4th rev. ed. New York, 1973, ill. p. 513.
Carl R. Baldwin The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Impressionist Epoch. [New York], 1974, p. 19, states that almost all of the figures in the final painting are also present in the MMA picture, but that in the latter they are informally arranged.
100 Paintings from the Metropolitan Museum [in Russian]. Exh. cat., State Hermitage Museum, Leningrad. Moscow, 1975, pp. 200–202, no. 75, ill. (color).
John Matheson in Vom Licht zur Farbe. Exh. cat., Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf. Düsseldorf, 1977, p. 106, no. 104, ill. p. 11 (color).
[Sarane] Alexandrian. Seurat. New York, 1980, p. 34.
R[obert]. L. Herbert. Letter to Denise McColgan. August 1, 1980, notes that the title with which Seurat originally exhibited his "Grand Jatte" does not mention the time of day, and observes that it appears to be late morning or midday rather than the afternoon.
Erich Franz and Bernd Growe. Georges Seurat, Zeichnungen. Exh. cat., Kunsthalle Bielefeld. Munich, 1983, p. 83.
Sylvie Gache-Patin. Sisley. Paris, 1983, p. 71, fig. 94, reproduces it along with paintings by Monet (Musée Marmottan, Paris) and Sisley (Musée d'Orsay, Paris) of the same subject.
Metropolitan Museum, New York. Milan, 1983, pp. 78–79, 155, colorpl. 89.
Charles F. Stuckey. Seurat. Mount Vernon, N.Y., 1984, p. 16, colorpl. 4, remarks that the study incorporates the culmination of over one dozen drawings.
Charles S. Moffett. Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1985, pp. 224–25, 254–55, ill. (color).
Richard Thomson. Seurat. Oxford, 1985, pp. 102–3, 106, 109, 124, colorpl. 117, believes it was painted late in 1884; notes that the landscape is more expressive than in the final picture because of the use of "balayé" strokes and employment of color contrasts; observes that it served the purpose of establishing the color relationships and fundamental compositional structure that would later be employed in the Chicago picture, despite the fact that many adjustments were made between the two; believes the drawing "Man Standing By a Tree" is the intermediary work between this canvas and the painting in Chicago.
Richard R. Brettell. French Impressionists. Chicago, 1987, p. 89.
Gary Tinterow et al. "Modern Europe." The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 8, New York, 1987, pp. 9, 68, colorpl. 46.
William C. Agee. "Walter Pach and Modernism: A Sampler from New York, Paris, and Mexico City." Archives of American Art Journal 28, no. 3 (1988), pp. 4, 10 n. 14, identifies it as the work shown at Exh. New York 1916.
Herbert Wotte. Georges Seurat: Wesen, Werk, Wirkung. Dresden, 1988, p. 216, colorpl. 54.
John Rewald, with the research assistance of Frances Weitzenhoffer. Cézanne and America: Dealers, Collectors, Artists and Critics, 1891–1921. The A. W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts, Princeton, 1989, p. 325.
Richard Thomson. "The 'Grande Jatte': Notes on Drawing and Meaning." Museum Studies 14 (1989), p. 195, colorpl. 26, notes that on the left side of the painting there are imbalances of scale between the figures that do not occur on the right.
Catherine Grenier. Seurat: Catalogo completo dei dipinti. Florence, 1990, p. 83, colorpl. 140.
Alain Madeleine-Perdrillat. Seurat. New York, 1990, pp. 63, 65, ill. (color).
John Rewald. Seurat: A Biography. New York, 1990, p. 72, ill. (color).
MaryAnne Stevens in The Passionate Eye: Impressionist and Other Master Paintings from the Collection of Emil G. Bührle, Zurich. Exh. cat., National Gallery of Art, Washington. Zürich, 1990, pp. 182, 241 n. 6, under no. 64.
Robert L. Herbert et al. Georges Seurat, 1859–1891. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1991, pp. 66, 128, 170, 172–73, 188, 208–11, 220, 223–24, 227, 312, 376, 383–84, no. 141, ill. (color, overall and details, and x-ray) [French ed., "Seurat", Paris, 1991, pp. 165, 207, 226, 242, 244–49, 424, no. 139, ill. (color, overall and details, x-ray)].
John Russell. "French Show Finally Gives Seurat His Due." New York Times (April 16, 1991), p. C11.
John Russell. "Paris, Grand Palais: Seurat." Burlington Magazine 133 (July 1991), p. 478, fig. 59.
Richard Tilston. Seurat. London, 1991, pp. 88–89, ill. (color).
Michael F. Zimmermann. Seurat and the Art Theory of His Time. Antwerp, 1991, pp. 143, 182, 193–95, colorpl. 350, ill. p. 134 (color detail) [French ed., "Les mondes de Seurat", Paris, 1991, pp. 142, 182, 193–95, colorpl. 350, ill. p. 134 (color detail)].
Floyd Ratliff. Paul Signac and Color in Neo-Impressionism. New York, 1992, pp. 164–65, fig. 77 (color).
Sarah Carr-Gomm. Seurat. London, 1993, p. 22–23, ill. (color).
Matthias Waschek in In Perfect Harmony: Picture + Frame, 1850–1920. Exh. cat., Van Gogh Museum. Amsterdam, 1995, pp. 158, 260 n. 31, fig. 134 (color), notes that Seurat painted the border on this work after the image had already been completed, using a new stretcher and painting on canvas which had previously been folded over the old one.
John Leighton, and Richard Thomson. Seurat and the Bathers. Exh. cat., National Gallery. London, 1997, pp. 136, 158, colorpl. 159, call it the third study for the "Grande Jatte," and remark that although it contains almost all of the details found in the finished painting, certain elements of the composition, particularly the figures, are still in flux.
Albert Schug in Pointillismus: Auf den Spuren von Georges Seurat. Exh. cat., Wallraf-Richartz-Museum, Cologne. Munich, 1997, pp. 15–17, ill. (color details).
Paul Smith. Seurat and the Avant-Garde. New Haven, 1997, pp. 19, 21, 44, 48, figs. 5, 26 (color, overall and detail), 27 (diagram), calls it the final study for the painting in Chicago; states that a grid used to gage proportions can be detected under the surface, and that details of the composition reveal Seurat's usage of a complimentary color scheme; believes that the decorative effect achieved from the original paint in the final version can be detected in the study.
Richard R. Brettell. "Martha Ward: Pissarro, Neo-Impressionism, and the Spaces of the Avant-Garde." Art Bulletin 81 (March 1999), p. 171.
Peter Paquet. Helldunkel, Raum und Form: Georges Seurat als Zeichner. Frankfurt am Main, 2000, pp. 153–55, 160, 353, 443.
Rebecca A. Rabinow. "Modern Art Comes to the Metropolitan: The 1921 Exhibition of 'Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings'." Apollo 152 (October 2000), pp. 5, 8, 12, fig. 6 (color).
Prof. Dr. Michel Draguet. Signac, Seurat: Le néo-impressionnisme. Paris, 2001, ill. p. 24 (color, cropped).
Robert L. Herbert. Seurat: Drawings and Paintings. New Haven, 2001, pp. 84, 102–4, colorpl. 82, states that it was completed in the summer or fall of 1884, months before the final painting was first exhibited in the spring of 1885; relates that the canvas was stretched after its completion to allow room for the addition of a painted border.
Laura Iamurri. "Gli appunti di viaggio di Lionello Venturi, 1932–1935." Storia dell'arte no. 101 (2002), pp. 96–98 n. 17, discusses it in the context of the writing of Lionello Venturi.
Robert L. Herbert et al. Seurat and the Making of "La Grande Jatte". Exh. cat., Art Institute of Chicago. Chicago, 2004, pp. 12, 19 n. 2, pp. 25, 68, 84, 116, 146, 178–79, 183–84, 186–88, 191, 194 n. 13, p. 195 nn. 17, 22–23, 26–28, pp. 197, 235, 265, 270, no. 64, ill. pp. 4–5 (color detail), 81 (color), figs. 3, 8, 12–14, 17–19, 31–33, state that it was completed in the autumn or early winter of 1884, and that there were many adjustments to the composition made before the completion of the final painting; discuss the development of the composition, as revealed through x-ray analysis, and suggest that Seurat worked on it at the same time as the Chicago painting; reproduce Seurat's letter of June 20, 1890 to Félix Fénéon [see Ref. Seurat 1890].
Isabelle Cahn in Le Néo-impressionnisme de Seurat à Paul Klee. Exh. cat., Musée d'Orsay. Paris, 2005, p. 64, ill. p. 62 (color detail).
Sylvie Patry in Le Néo-impressionnisme de Seurat à Paul Klee. Exh. cat., Musée d'Orsay. Paris, 2005, pp. 142–43, ill. (color).
Pierre Rosenberg. Only in America: One Hundred Paintings in American Museums Unmatched in European Collections. Milan, 2006, p. 190.
Susan Alyson Stein in Masterpieces of European Painting, 1800–1920, in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, pp. 177, 302–3, no. 165, ill. (color and black and white).
Susan Alyson Stein in The Masterpieces of French Painting from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1800–1920. Exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. New York, 2007, pp. 151, 255–56, no. 111, ill. (color and black and white).
Gary Tinterow in The Masterpieces of French Painting from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1800–1920. Exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. New York, 2007, p. 11.
Gary Tinterow in Masterpieces of European Painting, 1800–1920, in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, p. xix.
Laurette E. McCarthy in Gail Stavitsky and Katherine Rothkopf. Cézanne and American Modernism. Exh. cat., Montclair Art Museum. Montclair, 2009, p. 264 n. 14.