Julie Manet. Journal entry. March 17, 1894 [published in Julie Manet, "Journal (1893–1899): Sa jeunesse parmi les peintres impressionistes et les hommes de lettres," Paris, 1979, p. 30], mentions seeing a racehorse picture by Degas [this work] in the collection of Théodore Duret.
P[aul]. A[ndré]. Lemoisne. Degas et son œuvre. [reprint 1984]. Paris, [1946–49], vol. 3, pp. 492–93, no. 852, ill., dates it about 1885.
M. Roy Fisher. The Annenberg Collection. Exh. cat., Tate Gallery. London, 1969, unpaginated, no. 11, ill. (color), dates it about 1885; notes that the central jockey seems to have been based on a pencil drawing of Baron Lepic (1882; collection Mr. and Mrs. David L. Loew).
Fiorella Minervino in L'opera completa di Degas. Milan, 1970, pp. 118–19, no. 706, ill.
Jean Sutherland Boggs. "Degas at the Museum: Works in the Philadelphia Museum of Art and John G. Johnson Collection." Philadelphia Museum of Art Bulletin 81 (Spring/Summer 1985), p. 41 n. 48.
Eunice Lipton. Looking into Degas: Uneasy Images of Women and Modern Life. Berkeley, 1986, p. 200 n. 1.
Michael Pantazzi in Degas. Exh. cat., Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Paris. New York, 1988, p. 268, under no. 158, calls it a "vastly simplified reenactment of the design" of the oil on panel "Racehorses" (1875–78; Private collection; L387); erroneously identifies it as an oil painting.
Colin B. Bailey in Masterpieces of Impressionism & Post-Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection. Exh. cat., Philadelphia Museum of Art. Philadelphia, 1991, pp. 16–17, 139–41, ill. (color and black and white), dates it 1885–88 and calls the use of pastel on panel extremely rare in Degas's oeuvre; cites Benozzo Gozzoli's fresco in the Palazzo Medici-Riccardi, Florence as the starting point for this pastel; notes that the figures in this picture appeared numerous times in compositions of the 1860s and 1870s, most notably in the painting "The Gentleman's Race: Before the Start" (Musée d'Orsay, Paris; L461); states that the oil on panel "Racehorses" (begun in 1871–72 and reworked in 1876–78; private collection; L387) served as the original design for this pastel [see Ref. Pantazzi 1988] and mentions notebook sketches from 1881–84 and the drawing of Lepic as studies for it.
Jérôme Coignard. "Le Salon de peinture de Mr. et Mrs. Annenberg." Beaux arts no. 92 (July–August 1991), p. 65.
Ira Berkow. "Jewels in the Desert." Art News 97 (May 1998), p. 149.
Gary Tinterow in "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 1999–2000." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 58 (Fall 2000), pp. 5, 46, ill. (color), notes that Degas was displeased when Duret sold this picture at auction.
Colin B. Bailey in Masterpieces of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism: The Annenberg Collection. 4th rev. ed. [1st ed., 1989]. New York, 2009, pp. 42–47, no. 9, ill. (color).