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Diana and the Stag

Joachim Friess (ca. 1579–1620, master 1610)

Date:
ca. 1620
Culture:
German, Augsburg
Medium:
Silver, partly gilt, enameled, set with jewels; movement of iron, wood
Dimensions:
H. 14 3/4 x W. 9 1/2 in. (37.5 x 24.1 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Silver
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.746
  • Description

    The stag has a hollow body and a removable head and can be used as a drinking cup. When used in drinking games, a mechanism in the base was wound up and the automaton was allowed to run freely on concealed wheels until it came to a halt before one of the participants at the table, who had to drink everything in the cup. Diana's bow, quiver, and arrow are late nineteenth century in date.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Marking: [1] A pine cone (Augsburg town mark in use between 1620 and 1625).;
    [2] Roman capitals I F within a rectangle (cameo) (maker's mark of Joachim Friess or Fries, born in Lubeck about 1579 master goldsmith in Augsburg in 1610, died 1620);
    [3] A Roman capital B below a crown and within a shield (cameo), unidentified;
    [4] A Roman capital E below a crown, and within a shaped reserve (cameo) (French guarantee mark for Foreign silver in use between 1809 and 1819);

    Location of marks:
    [1] On the neck and inside the neck, and on the base;
    [2] Twice on the neck, on top of the base, under the front feet of the deer;
    [3] Inside and on the outside of the neck;
    [4] Inside the neck

  • Provenance

    Mr. Eugen Gutmann , Berlin (before 1907) ; J. Pierpont Morgan (until 1917; to MMA)

  • See also
    Who
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
193623

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