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Andrei Nikiforovich Voronikhin (Russian)

Workshop of the Russian Imperial Court
Carl Scheibe
Carved by Iwan Naschon
Guilded by Carl Focht (Russian)
Upholstered by Sergej Schaschin
Commissioned by Tsar Paul I (Russian, 1754–1801)
made between early March and end of April 1803
Russian (Saint Petersburg)
Light colored hardwood, carved, gilded and painted; light blue silk show cover (later)
Overall (Confirmed): 39 x 72 1/4 x 32 1/4 in. (99.1 x 183.5 x 81.9 cm)
Credit Line:
Purchase, Walter and Leonore Annenberg Acquisitions Endowment Fund, 2007
Accession Number:
  • Description

    This settee is one of the most significant pieces of documented Imperial Russian furniture to appear in recent decades. A court order of 1799 stipulated that all objects in an Imperial dowry had to be "worthy" of a Russian grand duchess and reflect "the indigenous local splendor as an emblem of courtly life and stately prestige." In March 1803 Russia's foremost designer and architect , Andrei Voronikhin, set a time frame of three months for the court artisans to create a genuinely Russian bedroom suite for the sister of Tsar Alexander I, Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna, who was to marry hereditary prince Carl Friedrich of Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach in 1804. To meet the challenge innovative techniques such as prefabricated carvings were applied, yet typically Russian features like the dual-tone matte finish and polished gilding were not sacrificed. The carved armrests on the settee represent the double-headed eagle of the Romanov arms. After her wedding the highly sophisticated Maria Pavlovna moved to Weimar, where she cultivated a weekly salon that included the poets Goethe and Schiller. Her ostentatious suite—two settees (the other is still in Weimar), a richly carved canopy bed, a fire screen, eight armchairs, two tabourets, and other pieces—was installed in the Weimar Palace. Documents and illustrations from December 1804 reveal that a sky-blue silk velvet was used for the upholstery.

  • Provenance

    Commissioned by Tsar Paul I ; After his death paid for by Tsar Alexander I as part of dowery for his sister ; Maria Pawlowna, grand duchess of Russia , transfers to Weimar Palace, Germany, 1804 ; By descent to a north German noble family ; Private Collection, Germany , northern Hesse (since 1960s) ; [ Vera Roeser , to MMA ]

  • See also