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Historic Images of the Greek Bronze Age: The Reproductions of E. Gilliéron and Son

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Terracotta oinochoe: chous (jug)

Attributed to the Meidias Painter

Period:
Classical
Date:
ca. 420–410 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 8 7/16 in. (21.4 cm) diameter 7 1/16 in. (17.9 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Gift of Samuel G. Ward, 1875
Accession Number:
75.2.11
  • Description

    Women perfuming clothes

    The scene depicts two women in festive dress perfuming garments. A stool suspended by chords is piled with folded clothing. On the ground below, there is a pile of wood shavings and twigs from which smoke rises. One woman carefully empties an oinochoe onto the fire. The other woman surveys the "swing" and stands beside a stately chair with a footstool over which more clothes are slung. At the far left is a wreathed boy wearing a himation (cloak). The shape of the vase facilitates the association of the scene with the Anthesteria, a three-day festival held in January/February that celebrated the new wine with the special inclusion of young children, an epiphany of Dionysos, and the ritual marriage of the god with the basilinna, the wife of the chief archon of Athens. While the precise meaning of the scene is not understood, it is evident that the Meidias Painter has melded significant features of the festival into a beautiful tableau.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Inscribed: "Ganymede is fair"

  • Provenance

    Said to have been found in the vicinity of Athens

    Before 1872, excavated in the vicinity of Athens; until 1873, with Professor Athanasios Sergiou Rhousopoulos, Athens; 1873, purchased by Samuel G. Ward from Prof. A.S. Rhousopoulos, Athens; acquired 1875, gift of Samuel G. Ward.

  • References

    Rayet, Olivier. 1888. Histoire de la céramique grecque. Paris: G. Decaux, p. 250, fig. 94.

    Pottier, Edmond. 1888. "Choix de vases de la Grèce propre." Les Céramiques de la Grèce propre, : p. 364, pl. VI.

    Nicole, Georges. 1908. Meidias et le style fleuri dans la céramique attique, Memoires de l'Institut National Genevois, Vol. 20. Geneva: Librairie Kündig, Librairie de l'Institut Genevois, no. 1.

    Ducati, Pericle. 1909. I vasi dipinti nello stile del ceramista Midia: contributo alla storia della ceramica attica. Rome: Tipogragia della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, no. 21.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1917. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 123, fig. 79.

    McClees, Helen. 1924. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 34.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 155, fig. 106.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 155, fig. 106.

    Klein, Anita Elizabeth. 1932. Child Life in Greek Art. New York: Columbia University Press, p. 35, n 403, p.

    McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1933. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th edn. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 38, 42, fig. 45.

    McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1941. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th edn. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 38, 42, fig. 45.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1950. The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks, 3rd edn. New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 91, 104, 447, fig. 309.

    van Hoorn, Gerard. 1951. Choes and Anthesteria. Leiden: Brill, no. 744, fig. 12.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, pp. 102, 242, pl. 82e.

    Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd edn. Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 1313, no. 11.

    Metzger, Henri. 1965. Recherches sur l'imagerie athénienne. Paris: E. de Boccard, p. 61, n 6.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1966. The Furniture of the Greeks, Etruscans and Romans. London: Phaidon Press, p. 42, fig. 231.

    Simon, Erika. 1969. Die Götter der Griechen. Munich: Hirmer Verlag, p. 238, fig. 224.

    Robertson, Martin and Cambridge University Press. 1975. A History of Greek Art, Vols. 1 and 2. Cambridge, England, p. 663 n. 195.

    Boardman, John. 1989. Athenian Red Figure Vases: The Classical Period, a Handbook. London: Thames and Hudson, London, fig. 288.

    Miller, Margaret C. 1997. Athens and Persia in the fifth century B.C.: A Study in Cultural Receptivity. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, p. 180, fig. 106.

  • See also
244817

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