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Bronze statuette of Cybele on a cart drawn by lions

Date:
2nd half of 2nd century A.D.
Culture:
Roman
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
Overall: 12 x 54 3/4in. (30.5 x 139.1cm)
Classification:
Bronzes
Credit Line:
Gift of Henry G. Marquand, 1897
Accession Number:
97.22.24
  • Description

    The cult of the Anatolian mother goddess Kybele was introduced into Rome during the Second Punic War in the late third century B.C. and remained popular until early Christian times. The goddess is shown with her usual attributes, a patera (libation bowl) in her right hand and a large tympanum (drum) in her left. But instead of flanking her throne as they normally do, here the two oversized lions pull a chariot. This elaborate group comes from a fountain, in which spouts projected from the open mouths of the lions. The original cart, harness, and throne no longer survive; the rear left wheel is a nineteenth-century restoration.

  • References

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1915. Greek, Etruscan and Roman Bronzes. New York: Gilliss Press, no. 258, pp. 128-30.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1917. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 184, fig. 113.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 307-8, fig. 218.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 307-8, fig. 218.

    McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1933. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th edn. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 12, 14, fig. 14.

    McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1941. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th edn. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 12, 14, fig. 14.

    Bandinelli, Ranuccio Bianchi. 1958. Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, Vol. 2. Rome: Instituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, p. 364, fig. 526.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

    Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987. Greece and Rome. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 108, p. 140.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1992. Kentauroi-Oiax, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 6. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Kybele, no. 94.

    Bowden, Hugh. 2010. Mystery Cults in the Ancient World. London: Thames and Hudson, London, pp. 94, 118, pl. IX.

    Woolf, Greg. 2012. Rome: An Empire's Story. Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 124, fig. 8.

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    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
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