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Terracotta krater

Attributed to the Hirschfeld Workshop

Period:
Geometric
Date:
ca. 750–735 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta
Dimensions:
H. 42 5/8 in. (108.3 cm) diameter 28 1/2 in. (72.4 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1914
Accession Number:
14.130.14
  • Description

    Monumental grave markers were first introduced during the Geometric period. They were large vases, often decorated with funerary representations. It was only in the Archaic period that stone sculptures were used as funerary monuments. On this magnificent krater, the main scene occupies the widest portion of the vase and shows the deceased laid upon a bier surrounded by members of his household and, at either side, mourners. For optimal clarity, the dead man is shown on his side, and the checkered shroud that would normally cover the body has been raised and regularized into a long rectangle with two projections. The zone below shows a procession of chariots and foot soldiers. The figures may refer to the military exploits of the deceased. Because hourglass shields and chariots played a more limited role at this time than in the earlier Bronze Age, the scene more likely evokes the glorious ancestry and traditions to which the dead man belonged.

  • Provenance

    Found in Attica (Richter 1915, p. 71).

  • References

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1917. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 41, fig. 21.

    McClees, Helen. 1924. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 124, ill p 12, fig. 148.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1926. Ancient Furniture: A History of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Furniture. Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 23, 67-7, fig. 57.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 48-49, fig. 27.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 48-49, fig. 27.

    McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1933. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th edn. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 126-27, 129, fig. 155.

    Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1936[1934]. A Guide to the Collections, Part 1: Ancient and Oriental Art, 2nd edn. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

    Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1939. Guide to the Collections: Ancient and Oriental Art--Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Greek and Roman Far Eastern, Near Eastern Oriental Armor, Vol. 1, World's Fair Edition. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

    Alexander, Christine. 1939. Early Greek Art: A Picture Book. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

    McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1941. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th edn. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 126-27, 129, fig. 155.

    Metzger, Henri. 1951. Les représentations dans la céramique attique du IVe siècle. Paris: E. de Boccard, no. 6, pp. 24, 30, 46.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, pp. 24, 174, pls. 14b, 14e.

    Bandinelli, Ranuccio Bianchi. 1958. Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, Vol. 1. Rome: Instituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, p. 674, fig. 862.

    Bandinelli, Ranuccio Bianchi. 1958. Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, Vol. 3. Rome: Instituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, p. 823, fig. 1020.

    Richter, Gisela M. A. 1966. The Furniture of the Greeks, Etruscans and Romans. London: Phaidon Press, pp. 19, 50, 55, fig. 293.

    Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1970. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. New York: Dutton.

    Thimme, Jürgen. 1976. Kunst und Kultur der Kykladeninseln im 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr.: Ausstellung unter d. Patronat des International Council of Museums ICOM im Karlsruher Schloss vom 25. Juni-10. Oktober 1976. Karlsruhe: Müller, no. 7, pp. 8, 22-23 .

    1994. Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide: Works of Art Selected by Philippe De Montebello. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

    Weber, Martha. 1999. "“Die bildsprache des Hirschfeldkraters”." Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Athenische Abteilung, 114: p. 36 n 22.

    Oakley, John H., Lesley A. Beaumont, H. Alan Shapiro, and Jenifer Neils. 2003. "Death and the Child." Coming of Age in Ancient Greece: Images of Childhood from the Classical Past, Jenifer Neils, John H. Oakley, and Katherine Hart, eds. New Haven: Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, p. 164, fig. 2.

    Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 29, pp. 48, 413.

    Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2012. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 63.

  • See also
248904

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