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Statue of Dionysos leaning on a female figure ("Hope Dionysos")

Restored by Pacetti, Vincenzo

Period:
Augustan or Julio-Claudian
Date:
27 B.C.–A.D. 68
Culture:
Roman
Medium:
Marble
Dimensions:
H. 82 3/4 in. (210.2 cm)
Classification:
Stone Sculpture
Credit Line:
Gift of The Frederick W. Richmond Foundation, Judy and Michael Steinhardt, and Mr. and Mrs. A. Alfred Taubman, 1990
Accession Number:
1990.247
  • Description

    The head is ancient but from another statue. Restorations by the eighteenth-century Italian sculptor Vincenzo Pacetti: (on Dionysos) ivy wreath, neck, both arms, lower right leg, calf and boot of left leg, hanging drapery on right side; (on the archaistic image) uplifted corner of drapery, both arms, lower half of lower legs, feet, pedestal, entire base.

    Roman copy of Greek original. Adaptation of a Greek work of the 4th century B.C.

    Dionysos, god of wine and divine intoxication, wears a panther skin over his short chiton and his high sandals with animal heads on the overhanging skin flaps. He
    stands beside an archaistic female image whose pose and dress imitate those of Greek statues carved in the sixth century B.C. It is difficult to know whether the original Greek bronze statue of Dionysos, of which this is a copy, included the female figure. Supports in the form of pillars, herms, and small statues were not uncommon in Classical art, but this figure may have been added to support the outstretched arm and may represent Spes, a Roman personification of Hope, who was commonly shown as an archaistic maiden.

  • Provenance

    March, 1796, acquired by Vicenzo Pacetti from the Aldobrandini Palace, Rome; 1796, acquired by Henry Philip Hope from Vicenzo Pacetti; July 23-24, 1917, purchased by Mr. Francis Howard from Christie's, London; until 1954, collection of Mr. Francis Howard; before 1990, private collection, Palm Beach; acquired July 10, 1990, from Sotheby's, New York, gift of The Frederick W. Richmond Foundation, Judy and Michael Steinhardt and Mr. and Mrs. A. Alfred Taubman.

  • References

    Michaelis, Adolf. 1874. "Die Privatsammlungen antiker Bildwerke in England." Archäologische Zeitung, 32: no. 11.

    Michaelis, Adolf. 1882. Ancient Marbles in Great Britain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, no. 3.

    Fürtwangler, Adolf. 1895. Masterpieces of Greek Sculpture: A Series of Essays on the History of Art. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.

    Reinach, Salomon. 1916. "Clarac de poche: contenant les bas-reliefs de l'ancien fonds du Louvre et les statues antiques du Musée de sculpture de Clarac." Répertoire de la Statuaire Greque et Romaine, Vol. 1, 2nd edn. Paris: E. Leroux, p. 391, I.

    Waldhauer, Oskar Ferdinandovich. 1931. Die Antiken Skulpturen der Ermitage II, Vol. 2. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter & Co, nos. 128, 129.

    Lippold, Georg. 1950. "Die griechische Plastik." Handbuch der Archäologie, Vol. 3, Walter G.A. Otto and Reinhard Herbig, eds. Munich: Beck, no. 10.

    Muthmann, Friedrich. 1951. Statuenstützen und dekoratives Beiwerk an griechischen und römischen Bildwerken: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der römischen Kopistentätigkeit. Heidelberg: C. Winter, p. 20.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

    Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneleise, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1986. Atherion-Eros, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 3. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen, Dionysos, no. 128a.

    1994. Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide: Works of Art Selected by Philippe De Montebello. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

    Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 429, pp. 369, 489-90.

    Jenkins, Ian. 2008. "The Past as a Foreign Country: Thomas Hope's Collection of Antiquities." Thomas Hope: Regency Designer, David Watkin and Philip Hewat-Jaboor, eds. New York: Wurtzburger Collection, Baltimore Museum of Art, p. 113, figs. 7-9.

  • See also
    Who
    What
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    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
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