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[Landscape with Cottage]

Marie-Charles-Isidore Choiselat (French, 1815–1858)

Artist:
Stanislas Ratel (French, 1824–1904)
Date:
1844
Medium:
Daguerreotype
Dimensions:
16.4 x 21.7 cm (6 7/16 x 8 9/16 in.)
Classification:
Photographs
Credit Line:
Louis V. Bell Fund, 1994
Accession Number:
1994.417
  • Description

    In the first decade of photography the overwhelming majority of daguerreotypes were portraits, as the complicated procedures required to produce these astonishingly detailed images on silver-plated sheets of copper were best carried out under the controlled conditions of the studio. A few adventurous travelers carried daguerreotype equipment with them and brought home dazzling records of far-off churches, castles, and classical ruins and, more rarely, of landscape and vernacular architecture. Seldom did they self-consciously strive for art. This full-plate daguerreotype, the first important French photograph of the 1840s to enter the Museum's collection, is one such rarity.


    Made during an excursion through eastern France just five years after the daguerreotype's invention, this remarkable picture demonstrates how the camera prompted artists to see and represent the world in new ways. Rather than employing pictorial devices or perspectival and atmospheric effects rooted in the traditions of landscape painting, Choiselat and Ratel emphasized the two-dimensional organization of the picture's surface. The poplars, reflected in the water, seem to stretch across the plate from top to bottom instead of sitting on the far side of the pond; the cottage (perhaps a rustic pleasure house for the château beyond) forms, with its reflection, a single geometric solid floating in space.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Hallmark on the plate, top left corner: [rosette]; hallmark on the plate, bottom left corner: "40"

  • Provenance

    Descendants of Stanislas Ratel; [Pierre-Marc Richard, Paris]; Joachim Bonnemaison, Paris; [Robert Hershkowitz, London]

  • Notes

    This work is believed to be from a series of views made by Choiselat and Ratel on a trip from Paris to southeastern France in 1844.

    For other daguerreotypes by Choiselat and Ratel see the collections of the Musée Carnavalet, Paris and the Gilman Paper Company, New York.

  • See also
    Who
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
267087

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