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Bottle

Date:
15th–17th century
Geography:
United States, Arkansas
Culture:
Caddoan
Medium:
Ceramic, pigment
Dimensions:
H. 8 3/4 x Diam. 6 in. (22.2 x 15.2 cm)
Classification:
Ceramics-Containers
Credit Line:
The Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Collection, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Wielgus, 1961
Accession Number:
1978.412.85
  • Description

    The westernmost region in which Mississippian cultural patterns occurred was in eastern Oklahoma and adjacent areas of Missouri and Arkansas. Called Caddoan to distinguish it from the more eastern, and somewhat distinct, Mississippian patterns, its major center was at Spiro in Le Flore County, Oklahoma, where a new type of construction was undertaken in the thirteenth century that combined aspects of both ceremonial platforms and mortuary mounds into one structure. Believed to have served as the major ancestral shrine of the region, Craig Mound has thus yielded a particularly impressive array of funerary offerings associated with privilege and high status. Many of these objects, principally those of shell, are incised with decoration of apparent sacred and/or warrior imagery. The incised patterns on Caddoan pottery, while less ambitious in depiction, are elegantly conceived and executed, as this bottle illustrates. It is reported to be from Yell County in west central Arkansas.

  • Provenance

    Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, New York, 1920–1959; Raymond and Laura Wielgus, Chicago, 1959–1961; The Museum of Primitive Art, New York, 1961–1978

  • See also
    Who
    What
    Where
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
310537

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