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Amitabha Triad

Unidentified Artist

Period:
Goryeo dynasty (918–1392)
Date:
ca. 13th century
Culture:
Korea
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk
Dimensions:
Image: 45 1/4 x 23 1/4 in. (114.9 x 59.1 cm) Overall with mounting: 83 1/4 x 31 1/2 in. (211.5 x 80 cm) Overall with knobs: 83 1/4 x 34 in. (211.5 x 86.4 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1930
Accession Number:
30.76.298
  • Description

    The Amitabha Buddha (Amita in Korean) was the focus of worship in Pure Land Buddhism, which enjoyed great popularity during the Goryeo period. Devotees were promised entrance to Amitabha's Western Paradise upon the recitation of his name. Seated high on an elaborate lotus throne, Amitabha is flanked here by two bodhisattvas, Avalokiteshvara (Gwanūm) on his left and Mahasthamaprapta (Tae Seji) on his right. The identifying attributes of the former include a miniature image of Amitabha in her crown and a ritual sprinkler, called the kundika, in her left hand; the latter can be identified by the kundika in her crown. Amitabha's hand gesture, or mudra, symbolizes the preaching of Buddhist law. Visible on his chest, between his hands, is an auspicious symbol from ancient India that came to be associated with Buddhism. The intricately rendered gold decoration on the deities' robes, particularly in the roundels of the Buddha's garment, exemplifies the dazzling virtuosity and stylistic depth of Goryeo Buddhist painting.

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    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
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