Kenyon Cox. "Dutch Pictures in The Hudson-Fulton Exhibition—I." Burlington Magazine 16 (December 1909), p. 178, as "in the catalogue but not in the exhibition".
E[rnst]. W[ilhelm]. Moes. Frans Hals, sa vie et son œuvre. Brussels, 1909, p. 109, no. 212, as "Un fumeur avec deux femmes. (Réplique)".
Wilhelm R. Valentiner. The Hudson-Fulton Celebration: Catalogue of an Exhibition Held in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1909, vol. 1, p. 23, no. 22, ill. opp. p. 23.
Joseph Breck. "L'art hollandais à l'exposition Hudson-Fulton à New York." L'art flamand & hollandais 13, no. 2 (1910), p. 51, ill. p. 49 [published in Dutch in Onze Kunst 17 (January 1910), p. 8, ill. p. 7].
Berthold Haendcke. "Der Raucher von Franz Hals in Königsberg." Zeitschrift für bildende Kunst, n.s., 21 (1910), p. 301.
Cornelis Hofstede de Groot. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century. 3, London, 1910, p. 37, under no. 133, calls it a replica of the painting in the Königsberg museum, noting that the main figure is worthy of Hals but that the other two are inferior.
Wilhelm R. Valentiner. "Die Ausstellung holländischer Gemälde in New York." Monatshefte für Kunstwissenschaft 3, no.1 (1910), p. 6, dates it about 1625; as earlier ascribed to the school of Hals, but to be rightfully attributed to Hals himself by Hofstede de Groot.
E[mil]. Waldmann. "Die Ausstellung Holländischer Gemälde des 17. Jahrhunderts in New York." Zeitschrift für bildende Kunst, n.s., 21, no. 4 (1910), ill. p. 73.
Handbook of the Benjamin Altman Collection. New York, 1914, p. 29, under no. 19.
Frans Hals, His Life and Work. Berlin, 1914, vol. 1, p. 25, no. 6, pl. 4B, as "The Smoker and His Girl".
François Monod. "La Galerie Altman au Metropolitan Museum de New-York (2e article)." Gazette des beaux-arts, 5th ser., 8 (November 1923), p. 302, calls it a copy after the original in Königsberg.
Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Frans Hals, des meisters Gemälde. 2nd ed. Stuttgart, 1923, p. 307, calls it probably a revision from Hals's workshop after the original in Königsberg.
Handbook of the Benjamin Altman Collection. 2nd ed. New York, 1928, p. 62, under no. 28.
"Gemäldekatalog." Führer durch die Schausammlungen. 2, [Königsberg], [1934?], p. 33, under no. 57.
W. R. Valentiner. Frans Hals Paintings in America. Westport, Conn., 1936, no. 5, ill. [cat. section unpaginated], as "A Boy Smoking and a Laughing Girl"; believes both it and the Königsberg paintings to be originals; finds the composition and execution very similar to those of "Young Man and Woman in an Inn" (MMA, 14.40.602) and dates it about 1623.
Seymour Slive. "Text." Frans Hals. 1, London, 1970, pp. 76–77, 79–80, attributes it to Hals and dates it about 1623–25, comparing it with "Young Man and Woman in an Inn"; notes that the setting appears to be a tavern; discusses the meaning of the work, suggesting that it could be a moralizing genre picture or that it could represent the sense of taste and be part of a series of the five senses.
Seymour Slive. "Plates." Frans Hals. 2, London, 1970, pl. 41.
Calvin Tomkins. Merchants and Masterpieces: The Story of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1970, pp. 74, 172 [rev., enl. ed., 1989].
Claus Grimm. Frans Hals: Entwicklung, Werkanalyse, Gesamtkatalog. Berlin, 1972, pp. 63, 92 n. 100, p. 200, no. A7, calls it a copy after a lost original, dating it 1624–26 on p. 63 and 1624–25 on p. 200.
E. C. Montagni in L'opera completa di Frans Hals. Milan, 1974, pp. 89–90, under no. 25, fig. 25a.
Seymour Slive. "Catalogue." Frans Hals. 3, London, 1974, pp. 14–15, no. 21.
Jean L. Druesedow in "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 1989–1990." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 48 (Fall 1990), p. 56.
Claus Grimm. Frans Hals: The Complete Work. New York, 1990, pp. 178, 237–38, 273, 291, no. 17, ill. p. 273 and colorpls. 76a (detail), 76b [German ed., "Frans Hals: Das Gesamtwerk," Stuttgart, 1989, pp. 178, 237, 272, 284, no. 17, colorpls. 76a (detail), 76b], after close examination, changes his earlier opinion [see Ref. 1972] and attributes the painting to Hals, noting that the head of the girl is inferior in execution and must be the work of a student; dates it about 1623.
Walter Liedtke. "Dutch Paintings in America: The Collectors and Their Ideals." Great Dutch Paintings from America. Exh. cat., Mauritshuis, The Hague. Zwolle, The Netherlands, 1990, p. 36.
Pieter Biesboer in Judith Leyster: A Dutch Master and Her World. Exh. cat., Worcester Art Museum. Zwolle, The Netherlands, 1993, p. 80, dates it 1625–30.
Cynthia Kortenhorst-von Bogendorf Rupprath in Judith Leyster: A Dutch Master and Her World. Exh. cat., Worcester Art Museum. Zwolle, The Netherlands, 1993, pp. 246–51, no. 21, ill. (color), dates it slightly later than 1623–25, based on costume and composition.
Lawrence W. Nichols. Letter to Walter Liedtke. December 11, 1995, rejects the attribution to Hals.
Dennis P. Weller in Jan Miense Molenaer: Painter of the Dutch Golden Age. Exh. cat., North Carolina Museum of Art. Raleigh, 2002, pp. 67–68 n. 2, fig. 2.
Walter Liedtke. Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, vol. 1, pp. ix, 263 n. 4, pp. 266–69, no. 60, colorpl. 60, states that a date of about 1625 is plausible.
Esmée Quodbach. "The Age of Rembrandt: Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 65 (Summer 2007), pp. 28, 70.