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The Artistic Heritage of Modena: At the Origin of the Galleria Estense

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The Bridge at Villeneuve-la-Garenne

Alfred Sisley (British, Paris 1839–1899 Moret-sur-Loing)

Date:
1872
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
19 1/2 x 25 3/4 in. (49.5 x 65.4 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ittleson Jr., 1964
Accession Number:
64.287
  • Gallery Label

    Recently built, state-of-the-art bridges—emblematic of modernity—recur as motifs in Sisley’s paintings of the 1870s and early 1880s. The cast-iron and stone suspension bridge at Villeneuve-la-Garenne, constructed in 1844 to connect the village with the Paris suburb of Saint-Denis, can be seen from a distance in a work of spring 1872 (Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, Mass.). Shortly thereafter, Sisley executed this close-up, dramatically angled view, showing holidaymakers on the river and along the shore. Flat strokes of high-keyed color—notably in the reflections on the water’s surface—capture the fleeting effect of bright summer sunshine

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed and dated (lower left): Sisley. 1872

  • Provenance

    [Durand-Ruel, Paris, 1872–73; bought from the artist on August 24, 1872, stock no. L.1877 for Fr 200; sold on April 15, 1873 for Fr 360 to Faure]; Jean-Baptiste Faure, Paris (1873–d. 1915; ca. 1910–14, deposited with Durand-Ruel, Paris, date book no. L.11941); his daughter-in-law Madame Louis Maurice Faure, Paris (1915–19; sold in 1919 to Georges Petit and Durand-Ruel); [Georges Petit and Durand-Ruel, Paris and New York, from 1919]; Alfred Bergaud, Paris (until 1920; his sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, March 1–2, 1920, no. 56, for Fr 37,200 to Gérard Frères); [Gérard Frères, Paris, from 1920]; Fernand Bouisson, Paris (by 1930); [Sam Salz, New York]; Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ittleson Jr., New York (by 1957–64)

  • Exhibition History

    Paris. Galerie Georges Petit. "Exposition d'œuvres de Alfred Sisley," May 14–June 7, 1917, no. 54 (as "Village de la Garenne, environs de Paris").

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Paintings from Private Collections: Summer Loan Exhibition," July 1–September 1, 1958, no. 130 (as "The Bridge at Argenteuil," lent by Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ittleson, Jr.).

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Paintings from Private Collections: Summer Loan Exhibition," July 6–September 4, 1960, no. 115 (lent by Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ittleson, Jr.).

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Paintings from Private Collections: Summer Loan Exhibition," July 1–August 20, 1961, no. 87 (as "The Bridge at Argenteuil," lent by Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ittleson, Jr.).

    New York. Paul Rosenberg & Co.. "Loan Exhibition of Paintings by Alfred Sisley, 1839–1899," October 30–November 25, 1961, no. 3 (as "Pont de Villeneuve-la-Garenne," lent by Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ittleson, Jr.).

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Paintings from Private Collections: Summer Loan Exhibition," July 3–September 6, 1962, no. 87 (as "The Bridge at Villeneuve-la-Garenne," lent by Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ittleson, Jr.).

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Paintings from Private Collections: Summer Loan Exhibition," July 12–September 2, 1963, no. 74 (lent by Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ittleson, Jr.).

    Paris. Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais. "Centenaire de l'impressionnisme," September 21–November 24, 1974, no. 41.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Impressionism: A Centenary Exhibition," December 12, 1974–February 10, 1975, no. 41.

    Leningrad [St. Petersburg]. State Hermitage Museum. "From Delacroix to Matisse," March 15–May 10, 1988, no. 32.

    Moscow. Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts. "From Delacroix to Matisse," June 10–July 30, 1988, no. 32.

    London. Royal Academy of Arts. "Alfred Sisley," July 3–October 18, 1992, no. 14.

    Paris. Musée d'Orsay. "Sisley," October 28, 1992–January 31, 1993, no. 14.

    Baltimore. Walters Art Gallery. "Sisley: Master Impressionist," March 14–June 13, 1993, no. 14.

    Washington. Phillips Collection. "Impressionists on the Seine: A Celebration of Renoir's 'Luncheon of the Boating Party'," September 21, 1996–February 9, 1997, unnumbered cat.

    Ferrara. Palazzo dei Diamanti. "Alfred Sisley: Poeta dell'impressionismo," February 17–May 19, 2002, no. 6.

    Madrid. Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza. "Alfred Sisley: Poeta del Impresionismo," June 8–September 15, 2002, no. 7.

    Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyons. "Alfred Sisley: Poète de l'impressionnisme," October 10, 2002–January 6, 2003, no. 9.

    Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. "The Masterpieces of French Painting from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1800–1920," February 4–May 6, 2007, no. 81.

    Berlin. Neue Nationalgalerie. "Französische Meisterwerke des 19.Jahrhunderts aus dem Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," June 1–October 7, 2007, unnumbered cat.

    Von der Heydt-Museum Wuppertal. "Alfred Sisley," September 13, 2011–January 29, 2012, unnumbered cat. (ill. p. 117).

  • References

    "La curiosité . . .la vente Bergaud." Bulletin de la vie artistique (March 15, 1920), p. 227, ill.

    Gaston Poulain. "De Courbet à Chagall chez M. et Mme Fernand Bouisson." La Renaissance de l'art français 13 (December 1930), pp. 343–46, ill.

    John Rewald. The History of Impressionism. New York, 1946, p. 274, ill., erroneously dates it about 1873.

    François Daulte. Alfred Sisley: Catalogue raisonné de l'œuvre peint. Lausanne, 1959, p. 24, no. 37, ill. opp. p. 16, fig. 37.

    Theodore Rousseau in "Ninety-fifth Annual Report of the Trustees, for the Fiscal Year 1964–1965." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 24 (October 1965), pp. 55–56, ill.

    Charles Sterling and Margaretta M. Salinger. "XIX–XX Centuries." French Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 3, New York, 1967, pp. 119–20, ill.

    Anthea Callen. "Jean-Baptiste Faure, 1830–1914: A Study of a Patron and Collector of the Impressionists and their Contemporaries." Master's thesis, University of Leicester, 1971, p. 416, no. 568.

    Charles S. Moffett in Impressionism: A Centenary Exhibition. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1974, pp. 201–4, no. 41, ill. (color, overall and detail) [French ed., "Centenaire de l'impressionnisme", Paris, 1974], remarks that in this painting "the clear progression into space conflicts with the flattening effect of the clear bright sky".

    Anthony M. Clark in The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Notable Acquisitions, 1965–1975. New York, 1975, p. 81, ill.

    Raymond Cogniat. The Century of the Impressionists. New York, 1978, p. 69, ill. color, calls it "The Bridge at Argenteuil".

    Albert Kostenevich. Western European Painting in the Hermitage: 19th–20th Centuries. Leningrad [St. Petersburg], 1987, p. 292, under no. 81, ill., states that Sisley painted three landscapes at Villeneuve-la-Garenne in the summer of 1872, and that the two houses depicted at the right edge of this work also appear on the left-hand part of the version in the Hermitage (Daulte 1959, no. 40).

    Robert L. Herbert. Impressionism: Art, Leisure, and Parisian Society. New Haven, 1988, pp. 226–27, 229, 243, colorpls. 227–28 (overall and detail).

    Anne Distel. Impressionism: The First Collectors. New York, 1990, pp. 87, 89.

    John Leighton. "Alfred Sisley: 'Adroit, delicate, but . . .'?" Apollo 136 (November 1992), pp. 335–36.

    Albert Kostenevich in Morozov and Shchukin—The Russian Collectors: Monet to Picasso. Exh. cat., Museum Folkwang Essen. Cologne, 1993, p. 377.

    Joel Isaacson in Impressionists in Winter: Effets de neige. Exh. cat., Phillips Collection. Washington, 1998, p. 70, fig. 10.

    Dominique Brachlianoff in Alfred Sisley: Poète de l'impressionnisme. Exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyons. Paris, 2002, pp. 113, 364.

    Frances Fowle in Alfred Sisley: Poète de l'impressionnisme. Exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyons. Paris, 2002, pp. 122, 124, 367, no. 9, ill. p. 123 and on cover (color detail).

    Richard R. Brettell and Stephen F. Eisenman. Nineteenth-Century Art in the Norton Simon Museum. 1, New Haven, 2006, p. 290, fig. 78a.

    Kathryn Calley Galitz in Masterpieces of European Painting, 1800–1920, in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, pp. 132, 306–7, no. 121, ill. (color and black and white).

    Kathryn Calley Galitz in The Masterpieces of French Painting from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1800–1920. Exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. New York, 2007, pp. 116–17, 257–58, no. 81, ill. (overall and detail, color and black and white).



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