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The Crucifixion

Master of the Codex of Saint George (Italian, active Florence, ca. 1315–35)

Date:
1330–35
Geography:
Made in probably Avignon, France
Culture:
Italian
Medium:
Tempera and gold leaf on wood panel
Dimensions:
Overall: 18 x 11 3/4 in. (45.7 x 29.8 cm) Painted surface: 15 5/8 x 10 5/8 in. (39.7 x 27 cm)
Classification:
Paintings-Panels
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1961
Accession Number:
61.200.1
  • Description

    The deep emotional piety shown in these expressive faces and gestures is made more poignant by the weighty drapery folds modeled by sharply contrasted highlights and shadows, by the vivid coloring, and by the taut composition. The unknown artist has been linked to a miniature painter who illuminated several manuscripts, including a life of Saint George in the Vatican for Cardinal Stefaneschi, resident at the papal court in Avignon from 1309 1341, and a missal, probably for the same patron, in the Morgan Library and Museum, New York. Also in the Museum's collection is a companion panel, "The Lamentation." Both were part of a larger ensemble of hinged panels, two others of which are preserved in Florence. Such a work would have been, in effect, a folding portable altar.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: On the bottom of the old frame in gilt sgraffito on red, was the following inscription: CRUCIFIXUS ?TIAM PRO NOBIS, trans.: He is crucified for us. This incription was added later. At bottom of old frame in gilt sgraffito on red: PASSUS ET SEPULTUS EST, trans.: He has suffered [is laid out] and is buried.

  • Provenance

    Marshal Nicholas Soult , Paris ; Augustus Stevens , Paris (until d. 1867) ; his posthumous sale, Phillips , London (May 11, 1869, no. 68, as Fra Angelico) ; Henry G. Bohn , Twickenham (1869–d. 1884) ; his posthumous sale, Christie, Manson and Woods , London (March 19-28, 1885, no. 77, as Fra Angelico) ; Charles Butler , London (1885-1891) ; Robert Henry and Evelyn Benson , London (1891-1927) ; [ Duveen Brothers , London, Paris and New York (1927)] ; Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller Jr. (1927-1960)

  • See also
    Who
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
471904

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