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Medieval Treasures from Hildesheim

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Gold Bracteate

Date:
5th–6th century
Culture:
Scandinavian
Medium:
Gold
Dimensions:
1 7/8 x 1 3/4 x 3/16 in. (4.8 x 4.4 x 0.4 cm). .3oz (8g)
Classification:
Metalwork-Gold
Credit Line:
Purchase, Gift of Dr. Mortimer D. Sackler, Theresa Sackler and Family, and John W. Byington Trust Gift, 2001
Accession Number:
2001.583
  • Description

    This thin gold pendant, known as a bracteate, displays a deft and spirited design defined by bold, sweeping lines. The central face exemplifies the exuberant, highly abstact style of early medieval Scandinavian artists. The border zone, formed by intricate and orderly rows of repeated punchwork, reveals the great technical competency of goldsmiths working in northern Europe during the fifth and sixth centuries.

    The manufacture of bracteates probably originated with Roman and Byzantine portrait medallions, presented by the emperor as gifts to important figures. Here, however, the imperial image has been transformed into the depiction of a god, perhaps Odin, chief of Nordic pantheon; his oversize face is balanced atop a galloping horse with horns. With their fine workmanship and allusions to the Roman and Byzantine worlds, gold bracteates conveyed both the sophisticated taste and the high social status of their owners, who wore them as fine jewerly and hoarded them as treasure.

  • Provenance

    [ Ward & Company Works of Art, New York (sold 2001)]

  • See also
    What
    Where
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
473485

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