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Violin and Playing Cards on a Table

Juan Gris (Spanish, Madrid 1887–1927 Boulogne-sur-Seine)

Date:
1913
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
39 1/2 × 25 3/4 in. (100.3 × 65.4 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Bequest of Florene M. Schoenborn, 1995
Accession Number:
1996.403.14
  • Description

    During a 1913 trip to the small village of Céret, Gris experimented with his personal style of Cubism, juxtaposing planes of various brightly colored patterns. On stylistic grounds, it is safe to assume that this work was painted during this three-month vacation in the Spanish Pyrenees; however, it bears no signature or date and is one of many still lifes executed by the artist.

  • Provenance

    [Galerie Kahnweiler, Paris, 1913–14; stock no. 1831; sequestered Kahnweiler stock, Paris, 1914–23; fourth Kahnweiler sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, May 7–8, 1923, no. 295, as "Violon et Guitare"]; [Galerie Simon, Paris, in 1923]; [Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris]; Mr. and Mrs. Maurice J. Speiser, Philadelphia and New York (until 1944; their sale, Parke Bernet Galleries, New York, January 26–27, 1944, no. 98, as "Still Life"); [Valentine Gallery, New York, 1944; sold on December 27, 1944, with works by Dufy, Picasso, and Trojan, for $11,600, to Marx]; Samuel and Florene Marx, Chicago (1944–his d. 1964); Florene May Marx, later Mrs. Wolfgang Schoenborn, New York (1964–d. 1995; her bequest to MMA)

  • Exhibition History

    New York. Durand Ruel Galleries. "Manet to Picasso: Still Life," March 8–31, 1944, no. 7 (as "Nature morte," lent by a private collection).

    Arts Club of Chicago. "Variety in Abstraction," March 5–30, 1946, no. 20 (as "Abstraction," lent by Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Marx, Chicago).

    Museum of Modern Art, New York. "Juan Gris," April 9–June 1, 1958, unnumbered cat. (p. 31; as "Still Life with Playing Cards," lent by Mr. and Mrs. Samuel A. Marx, Chicago).

    Minneapolis Institute of Arts. "Juan Gris," June 24–July 24, 1958, unnumbered cat.

    San Francisco Museum of Art. "Juan Gris," August 11–September 14, 1958, unnumbered cat.

    Los Angeles County Museum. "Juan Gris," September 29–October 26, 1958, unnumbered cat.

    New York. Museum of Modern Art. "The School of Paris: Paintings from the Florene May Schoenborn and Samuel A. Marx Collection," November 1, 1965–January 2, 1966, unnumbered cat. (p. 36; as "Still Life with Playing Cards").

    The Art Institute of Chicago. "The School of Paris: Paintings from the Florene May Schoenborn and Samuel A. Marx Collection," February 11–March 27, 1966, unnumbered cat.

    City Art Museum of Saint Louis. "The School of Paris: Paintings from the Florene May Schoenborn and Samuel A. Marx Collection," April 26–June 13, 1966, unnumbered cat.

    Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City. "The School of Paris: Paintings from the Florene May Schoenborn and Samuel A. Marx Collection," July 2–August 7, 1966, unnumbered cat.

    San Francisco Museum of Art. "The School of Paris: Paintings from the Florene May Schoenborn and Samuel A. Marx Collection," September 2–October 2, 1966, unnumbered cat.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Florene M. Schoenborn Bequest: 12 Artists of the School of Paris," February 11–May 4, 1997, extended to August 31, 1997, brochure no. 7 (as "Violin and Playing Cards").

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Painters in Paris: 1895 1950," March 8–December 31, 2000, extended to January 14, 2001, unnumbered cat. (p. 74; as "Violin and Playing Cards").

    Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art. "Picasso and the School of Paris: Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," September 14–November 24, 2002, no. 20.

    Tokyo. Bunkamura Museum of Art. "Picasso and the School of Paris: Paintings from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," December 7, 2002–March 9, 2003, no. 20.

    Madrid. Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía. "Juan Gris: Paintings and Drawings 1910–1927," June 22–September 19, 2005, no. 33 (as "Violin and Playing Cards").

    Lisbon. Fundacao Calouste Gulbenkian: Centro de Arte Moderna. "Amadeo de Souza Cardoso: Diálogo de Vanguardas," November 14, 2006–January 14, 2007, no. 174 (as "Violino e cartas de jogar numa mesa [Violin and Playing Cards on a Table]").

  • References

    Edward Alden Jewell. "Shows Aid Causes: Loan Exhibitions Assist the Red Cross and Children's Aid—Art for Britain." New York Times (March 12, 1944), p. X6.

    Aline B. Louchheim. "Still Life." Art News 43 (March 15–31, 1944), p. 10.

    Lucy R. Lippard in The School of Paris: Paintings from the Florene May Schoenborn and Samuel A. Marx Collection. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art, New York. New York, 1965, p. 38, ill. p. 36 (color).

    Juan Antonio Gaya-Nuño. Juan Gris. Boston, 1975, p. 247, no. 259, ill. p. 214.

    Douglas Cooper with Margaret Potter. Juan Gris: Catalogue raisonné de l'oeuvre peint. Paris, 1977, vol. 1, pp. XL, 100–101, no. 58, ill.

    Malcolm Gee. Dealers, Critics, and Collectors of Modern Painting: Aspects of the Parisian Art Market Between 1910 and 1930. PhD. diss., Courtauld Institute of Art. New York, 1981, appendix F, p. 69, no. 56.

    Carol Vogel. "32 Works of Art by Masters Left to Met and the Modern." New York Times (November 25, 1996), pp. A1, C12.

    Grace Glueck. "A Surprise, and Then a Collection." New York Times (February 28, 1997), p. C31.

    William S. Lieberman. "Donnés au Met." Connaissance des arts, no. 539 (May 1997), pp. 66–67, ill. (color).

    Christian Derouet, ed. Juan Gris: Correspondances avec Léonce Rosenberg, 1915–1927. Paris, 1999, p. 67, letter no. 104 n. 17.

    Paloma Esteban Leal in Juan Gris: Paintings and Drawings 1910–1927. Ed. Paloma Esteban Leal. Exh. cat., Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía. Madrid, 2005, vol. 1, p. 38, colorpl. 33; vol. 2, p. 48, no. 33, ill.

    María Dolores Jiménez-Blanco, ed. Juan Gris: Correspondencia y escritos. Barcelona, 2008, p. 182 n. 287.

    García Ponce de Léon. Juan Gris: La pasión por el Cubismo. Madrid, 2008, p. 270, ill. p. 194 (color).

  • See also
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    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
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