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The Billiard Table

Georges Braque (French, Argenteuil 1882–1963 Paris)

Date:
1944–52
Medium:
Oil with sand and charcoal on canvas
Dimensions:
71 1/4 x 38 1/2 in. (181 x 97.8 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection, 1998
Accession Number:
1999.363.9
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2011 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed (lower left): G Braque

  • Provenance

    the artist (until 1953; to Maeght); Aimé Maeght, Paris (1953); [Galerie Maeght, Paris, 1953–54; sold on January 26, 1954, for Fr 4,200,000, to Gelman]; Jacques and Natasha Gelman, Mexico City and New York (1954–his d. 1986); Natasha Gelman, Mexico City and New York (1986–d. 1998; her bequest to MMA)

  • Exhibition History

    Paris. Galerie Maeght. "G. Braque," June–July 1952, no. 2.

    Tokyo National Museum. "Georges Braque," September–October 1952, no. 15.

    New York. Theodore Schempp & Co. "Important Recent Paintings by Georges Braque," February 20–March 14, 1953, unnumbered cat.

    Kunsthalle Bern. "Georges Braque," April 25–May 31, 1953, no. 108 (as "Le Billard," lent by the artist).

    Haus der Kunst Munich. "Georges Braque," October 18–December 15, 1963, no. 123 (lent by Mr. and Mrs. Jacques Gelman, Mexico City).

    New York. M. Knoedler and Co., Inc. "Georges Braque, 1882–1963: An American Tribute. The Late Years (1940–63) and The Sculpture," April 7–May 2, 1964, no. 35 (lent by Mr. and Mrs. Jacques Gelman, New York).

    Paris. Orangerie des Tuileries. "Georges Braque," October 16, 1973–January 14, 1974, no. 110 (lent by Mr. and Mrs. Jacques Gelman, Mexico).

    Saint Paul de Vence. Fondation Maeght. "Georges Braque," July 5–September 30, 1980, no. 123 (lent from a private collection, New York).

    Washington. The Phillips Collection. "Georges Braque: The Late Paintings (1940–1963)," October 9–December 12, 1982, no. 14 (lent by Mr. and Mrs. Jacques Gelman).

    San Francisco. California Palace of the Legion of Honor. "Georges Braque: The Late Paintings (1940–1963)," January 1–March 15, 1983, no. 14.

    Minneapolis. Walker Art Center. "Georges Braque: The Late Paintings (1940–1963)," April 14–June 14, 1983, no. 14.

    Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. "Georges Braque: The Late Paintings (1940–1963)," July 7–September 14, 1983, no. 14.

    New York. The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. "Georges Braque," June–September 1988, no. 71.

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Twentieth Century Modern Masters: The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection," December 12, 1989–April 1, 1990, unnumbered cat. (p. 250).

    London. Royal Academy of Arts. "Twentieth Century Modern Masters: The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection," April 19–July 15, 1990, unnumbered cat.

    Martigny. Fondation Pierre Gianadda. "De Matisse à Picasso: Collection Jacques et Natasha Gelman," June 18–November 1, 1994, unnumbered cat. (p. 274).

    New York. Acquavella Galleries. "Georges Braque: Pioneer of Modernism," October 12–November 30, 2011, no. 38.

    Washington D.C.. The Phillips Collection. "Georges Braque and the Cubist Still Life, 1928- 1945," June 8–September 1, 2013, no. 41.

  • References

    Ingrid Rydbeck Zuhr. "Samtal i en ateljé." Konstrevy 23 (1947), ill. p. 205 (installation photo by Brassaï of Braque's studio).

    Waldemar George. "Braque, l'ouvrier." Art et industrie, no. 25 (October 1952), ill. p. 13.

    G[eorges]. Ribemont-Dessaignes. "A propos d'une nature morte." Le Point: Braque 46 (October 1953), ill. p. 36.

    Fritz Laufer. Braque. Bern, 1954, p. 27, pl. 45.

    John Richardson. "Le nouvel 'Atelier' de Braque." L'Oeil, no. 6 (June 15, 1955), p. 21.

    John Richardson. "The Ateliers of Braque." Burlington Magazine 97 (June 1955), pp. 164, 166.

    Jean Albert Cartier. "La Poétique de Braque." Le Jardin des arts, no. 26 (December 1956), pp. 91–92, ill.

    Maurice Gieure. G. Braque. Paris, 1956, pp. 63, 65, 102, pl. 117.

    Raymond Cogniat. "Braque à 75 ans." Prisme des arts, no. 13 ([1957]), ill. p. 35.

    Nicole S. Mangin. Catalogue de l'œuvre de Georges Braque. Vol. 1, Peintures 1948–1957. Paris, 1959, ill. p. 37.

    John Russell and René Ben Sussan. G. Braque. London, 1959, pp. 15, 126 under no. 63.

    John Richardson. G. Braque. Greenwich, Conn., 1961, p. 22, colorpl. 52 [Italian ed., Milan, 1960].

    Edwin Mullins. Braque. London, 1968, p. 149, fig. 119.

    Nadine Pouillon. Braque. Paris, 1970, unpaginated, under pl. 13, ill.

    Douglas Cooper. Braque: The Great Years. Exh. cat., The Art Institute of Chicago. Chicago, 1972, pp. 22, 84, no. 30, colorpl. 13 and fig. 69.

    Robert Hughes. "Objects as Poetics." Time 100 (October 9, 1972), pp. 68–69, ill. (color).

    Jean Leymarie. Georges Braque. Exh. cat., Orangerie des Tuileries. Paris, 1973, p. 49, no. 110, ill. (color) pp. 16, 145.

    Raymond Cogniat. Georges Braque. New York, 1980, p. 146, fig. 65.

    Herschel B. Chipp. Georges Braque: The Late Paintings 1940–1963. Exh. cat., The Phillips Collection. Washington, 1982, pp. 20–21, 37, no. 14, ill. p. 54 (color).

    Nadine Pouillon with Isabelle Monod Fontaine. Braque:Œuvres de Georges Braque (1882–1963). Exh. cat., Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou. Paris, 1982, pp. 134, 136, under no. 33, fig. 3.

    Michael Brenson. "What Does a Museum Owe an Artist?" New York Times (July 10, 1988), p. H41.

    Jean Leymarie. Georges Braque. Exh. cat., Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York. Munich, 1988, unpaginated, no. 71, ill. (color) and on front cover (color).

    Magdalena M. Moeller in Jean Leymarie. Georges Braque. Exh. cat., Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York. Munich, 1988, pp. 29–30.

    Bernard Zurcher. Georges Braque: Life and Work. New York, 1988, pp. 194–96, colorpl. 147.

    William S. Lieberman in Twentieth Century Modern Masters: The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection. Ed. William S Lieberman. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1989, pp. 14–15.

    Pierre Schneider in Twentieth Century Modern Masters: The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection. Ed. William S Lieberman. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1989, p. 30 n. 3.

    John Golding in Twentieth Century Modern Masters: The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection. Ed. William S Lieberman. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1989, p. 38.

    Sabine Rewald in Twentieth Century Modern Masters: The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection. Ed. William S Lieberman. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1989, pp. 250–53, 296, ill. (color, bw, and Brassai installation photo).

    Karen Wilkin. Georges Braque. New York, 1991, pp. 83–85, fig. 70 (color).

    John Golding in Braque: The Late Works. Exh. cat., Royal Academy of Arts. London, 1997, pp. 5–6.

    Sophie Bowness in Braque: The Late Works. Exh. cat., Royal Academy of Arts. London, 1997, pp. 52, 54, 58, 60, 86, no. 13A, ill. pp. 38 (installation photo, early state), 61 (color).

    Sophie Bowness. "Framed: Georges Braque." Tate: The Art Magazine, no. 11 (Spring 1997), p. 18.

    Heike Eipeldauer in Georges Braque. Ed. Ingried Brugger, Heike Eipeldauer, and Caroline Messensee.. Exh. cat., Bank Austria Kunstforum, Vienna. Ostfildern, 2008, p. 194.

    Richard Shiff in Georges Braque: Pioneer of Modernism. Exh. cat., Acquavella Galleries. New York, 2011, pp. 41–42, 146, 150, colorpl. 38, ill. p. 25 (Brassaï installation photo).

    Dieter Buchhart in Georges Braque: Pioneer of Modernism. Exh. cat., Acquavella Galleries. New York, 2011, p. 66.

    Alfred MacAdam. "Georges Braque: Acquavella." Art News 110 (December 2011), p. 101, ill. (color).

    Gordon Hughes in Georges Braque and the Cubist Still Life, 1928–1945. Exh. cat., Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum. St. Louis, 2013, pp. 83, 229, colorpl. 41.

  • See also
489968

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