Nakabayashi Chikutō was one of the leading Nanga painters in Nagoya, Japan's fourth largest city. After a careful study of Chinese old-master paintings from several dynasties, he forged a moderate personal style with a naturalistic flavor. The strength of the work lies in Chikutō's ability to create a sense of drama within a solid, centralized composition. Intricate detail within the grand composition creates lively patterns of brushwork. In the inscription are the title of the painting; his signature, "Chikutō Sanjin"; and a comment that he modeled this painting after the works of the Yuan Chinese master Gao Kegong (1248–1310).