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American Falls, Niagara

Artist:
Jasper Francis Cropsey (American, Rossville, New York 1823–1900 Hastings-on-Hudson, New York)
Date:
ca. 1855
Medium:
Graphite and white gouache on dark buff-colored wove paper
Dimensions:
9 13/16 x 8 15/16 in. (24.9 x 22.7 cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Sheila and Richard J. Schwartz Fund, 1987
Accession Number:
1987.196.2
Not on view
This drawing is a detailed study of part of the American Falls of Niagara--Luna Fall. The artist’s point of view is a precarious perch that he labeled “Cropsey rock,” located at the base of Goat Island, which lies in the middle of the Niagara River and divides the stream into two separate waterfalls: the American Falls and the crescent-shaped Horseshoe, or Canadian, Falls. Addressing what was once one of the most popular subjects in American landscape art, Cropsey broad-brushed heavy layers of white gouache to convey the hurling foam of the cascade. Cropsey painted at least seven canvases of Niagara Falls. Of these, five share the viewpoint from “Cropsey rock.”
Inscription: [on recto at lower right in graphite]: American fall Niagara Sept '56; [at center left]: B; [at center] B; [at lower left]: BB; [on verso on bottom]: I# 44348; [at lower right]: 12314414 44
Kennedy Galleries, New York, until 1987
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