Coverlet, Virginia Beauty pattern with Pine-tree border
Made in Marion County, West Virginia, United States
Cotton and wool; Doublecloth, woven on a hand-loom
91 x 75 in. (231.1 x 190.5 cm)
Gift of Margaret and Richard Parrish in memory of their paternal grandparents, Rebecca and Festus Parrish, 1984
Not on view
This dark blue wool and undyed cotton double cloth coverlet is woven in two panels and seamed at the center. The coverlet's ground is geometrically patterned, and it has a pine-tree border. There is a natural fringe along the bottom edge.
The three most common types of non-Jacquard woven coverlets made in the first few decades of the nineteenth century are known as: "Overshot" (10.125.410), "Summer and Winter" (30.120.377), and "Doublecloth." Double cloth coverlets were woven by professional weavers on multiple harness looms with two sets of warp threads and two sets of weft threads. The two layers of cloth are woven simultaneously, one above another, with their colors reversed. These layers are joined by interchanging warps and wefts at certain set points in the pattern. The resulting fabric is extremely heavy and warm. The finished coverlet is reversible; the side that is primarily dark wool is usually considered the top, and the light cotton side, the back. [Peck 2015; adapted from Amelia Peck, "American Quilts & Coverlets in the Metropolitan Museum of Art," 2007]