Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Quilt, Contained Crazy pattern

Maker:
Nancy Doughty (born ca. 1790)
Date:
1872
Geography:
Probably made in Maryland, United States
Culture:
American
Medium:
Cotton
Dimensions:
89 1/2 x 72 in. (227.3 x 182.9 cm)
Classification:
Textiles
Credit Line:
Purchase, Mr. and Mrs. Edward J. Scheider Gift, 1989
Accession Number:
1989.27
Not on view
The diamond-shaped Crazy blocks of this quilt are pieced of a variety of brown, orange, and pink printed cottons. The blocks are joined together with brown and black printed cotton sashing. The blocks are stitched to the sashing by sewing machine; the remainder of the quilt is hand stitched. The backing fabric is of a white cotton printed with a small brown grid. The piece is quilted over its entire surface with diagonal parallel lines.
This unusual work is one of the few Crazy quilts known to have been made during the early 1870s. Although some examples of cotton Crazy quilts have been tentatively dated to the 1860s, this quilt is one of the earliest to be firmly documented. There is an inscription in ink on a piece of striped cotton at the quilt's center: "Made by / Mrs. Nancy Doughty / in the / 82and year of her age / for her friend / Miss Lizzie Cole. A. D. 1872". The quilt appears never to have been used; when Miss Lizzie Cole received it in 1872, she must have prized the work of her friend Mrs. Nancy Doughty as highly as we do today, and it is likely that she put it away for safekeeping.
Crazy quilts may have been so named because of the random shapes and sizes of the fabric pieces stitched together to form the quilt blocks. This type of pattern had many sources, including Japanese art, which was highly influential in Europe and America after the opening of Japan to the West in 1854. Throughout the last two decades of the nineteenth century, silk and velvet Crazy quilts (see 1989.66 and 1993.101) were the height of fashion. In comparison, this example, with its color scheme of subtle brown and orange printed cottons, and contained pattern of pieced diamond-shaped blocks within a grid, has a very different appearance. Unlike the silk and velvet quilts, which were often made from kits, the cotton versions were probably pieced exclusively from scraps of fabric accumulated by the quiltmaker. Although a large number of silk Crazy quilts can still be found today, very few of the earlier cotton versions such as this one survive.
[Peck 2015; adapted from Amelia Peck, "American Quilts & Coverlets in the Metropolitan Museum of Art," 2007]
Inscription: written in ink on center patch: Made by / Mrs. Nancy Doughty / in the / 82nd year of her age / for her friend / Miss Lizzie Cole. A.D. 1872
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