Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Daniel, Archbishop of Mainz

Artist:
Master HKVB
Date:
1568
Culture:
Southern German or Middle Rhenish
Medium:
Honestone
Dimensions:
Overall (confirmed): 6 7/8 × 5 × 5/8 in. (17.5 × 12.7 × 1.6 cm)
Classification:
Sculpture-Miniature
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.488
Not on view
The subject, Daniel Brendel of Homberg, archchancellor of the Holy Roman Empire for Germany, was prince elector and archbishop of Mainz and primate of the Roman Catholic Church of the countries north of the alpine mountains from 1555 to 1582. The inscription mentions that he was forty-six years old when this portrait was made and serves as a reminder of a faithful life by citing an abbreviated version of the Latin Bible: "In omnibus operibus tuis memorare novissima tua, et in aeternum non peccabis" (In all thy works be mindful of thy last end and thou wilt never sin; Eccles. 7:40). The disposition of the relief reflects a large-scale wall epitaph or memorial en miniature. The object may have been a trial piece to test the artist's talents and to serve as a model for a later tomb project. The archbishop likely kept this unusually designed miniature portrait in his personal Kunstkammer in the Martinsburg in Mainz on the Rhine, which may be identified as the building in the distance at right.
Signature: In lower part of relief: [monogram] H•K•V•B 1568

Inscription: MEMORARE NOVISSIMA ET IN ÆTERNV(m) NON PECCABIS (Motto, on architrave; abbreviated from Eccles. vii:40: "In all they works be mindful of thy last end and thou wilt never sin");

DANIEL.ARCHIEP(iscopu)S.MOGUNT(iensis).SA(cri).RO(mani).IM(perii). / PER.GERMA(niam).ARCHICAN(cellarius).ET.PRINCEPS.ELECTOR. / ANNO ÆTATIS XLVI (Archbishop's names and titles on base; Trans: "Daniel, Archbishop of Mainz, Archchancellor of the Holy Roman Empire for Germany and Prince-Elector./In the 46th year of his age.")
Frédéric Spitzer , Paris (by 1890) ; Baron Albert von Oppenheim , Cologne (by 1904–6; to Morgan) ; J. Pierpont Morgan , London and New York (1906–17; to MMA)
Related Objects

Allegory of Virtues and Vices at the Court of Charles V

Artist: Hans Daucher (German, Ulm ca. 1485–1538 Stuttgart) Date: ca. 1522 Medium: Honestone (Jurassic limestone), traces of gilding Accession: 17.190.745 On view in:Gallery 521

Game piece with two noblemen in profile

Date: mid-16th century Medium: Boxwood, walnut Accession: 30.135.16 On view in:Gallery 521

The Holy Family

Date: early 18th century Medium: Ivory Accession: 24.80.90 On view in:Gallery 533

Charles V (1500–1558)

Artist: Hans Reinhart the Elder (German, Dresden ca. 1510–1581 Leipzig) Date: 1544 Medium: Silver, cast Accession: L.2013.46.6 On view in:Gallery 643

Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg (1490–1545)

Artist: Nuremberg Master (German, early 16th century) Date: 1526 Medium: Silver, cast Accession: L.2013.46.7 On view in:Gallery 643