Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Snuffbox with miniature of the Empress Marie-Louise, the King of Rome, and Napoléon I

Maker:
Gabriel-Raoul Morel (active 1798–ca. 1827)
Artist:
Miniatures by School of Jean-Baptiste Isabey (French, Nancy 1767–1855 Paris)
Artist:
and possibly by Madame Lizinka Aimée Zoé de Mirbel (1796–1849)
Date:
ca. 1815
Culture:
French, Paris
Medium:
Gold, ivory
Dimensions:
3-1/8 x 2-1/2 in. (7.9 x 6.4 cm); Empress Marie-Louise, oval, 2 1/4 x 1 5/8 in. (58 x 41 mm); King of Rome, oval, 2 1/4 x 1 5/8 in. (56 x 40 mm); Napoléon I, oval, 2 x 1 1/2 in. (49 x 38 mm)
Classifications:
Metalwork-Gold and Platinum, Miniatures
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.1114
Not on view
Made by Gabriel-Raoul Morel in about 1815, this snuffbox of matte and polished gold with scrolling acanthus design contains a removable medallion with a framed portrait miniature of Marie Louise (1791–1847) by Isabey. The portrait forms a cover to a secret compartment containing two other miniatures, one of Napoleon I (1769–1821), possibly by Mirbel, and the other of the King of Rome (François-Joseph-Charles, duke of Reichstadt, 1811–1832) by Isabey.
Signature: [1] On portrait of Marie Louise: Isabey 1812
[2] On portrait of King of Rome: Isabey 1815
[3] On portrait of Napoleon: M. 1815 (said to be Madame Lizinka Aimée Zoé de Mirbel)

Marking: [1] GRM, an ear, in a lozenge (maker's mark)
[2] bear's head, numeral 3, in circle (unofficial Paris mark for gold, post-Revolution)
[3] lion's head in circle (Paris large excise mark for gold, 1809–19)
[4] possibly a cock, numeral 3, in vertical hexagon (Paris mark for 3rd standard gold, 1809–19)
[5] bull, numeral 3, in horizontal hexagon (Paris mark for 3rd standard gold, 1819–38)
[6] old man's head, profile to left, in circle (Paris large excise mark for gold, 1819–38)
[7, 8] indecipherable

Location of marks:
[1], [2]: inside bottom and cover, inside bezel on right end
[3], [4], [7], [8]: inside cover
[5]: on bezel, on left end
[6]: on bezel, on right end
J. Pierpont Morgan , London and New York (until 1917; to MMA)
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