Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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Snuffbox with four maritime scenes; Louis XIV crossing the Rhine in 1672

Maker:
Adrien Jean Maximilien Vachette (French, Cauffry 1753–1839 Paris)
Artist:
Miniatures attributed to Henri Joseph van Blarenberghe (French, Lille 1750–1826 Lille)
Date:
1798–1838
Culture:
French, Paris
Medium:
Gold, enamel
Dimensions:
Box: 2-3/4 x 2 in. (7.0 x 5.1 cm); Miniatures: front and back, each: 5/8 x 2-3/8 in. (1.6 x 6 cm), left and right, each: 5/8 x 1-5/8 in. (1.6 x 4.1 cm)
Classifications:
Metalwork-Gold and Platinum, Miniatures
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.1178
Not on view
In eighteenth-century Europe, Paris led the production of high-quality luxury goods. Parisian goldsmiths made a wide range of small, personal articles such as snuffboxes; étuis to hold sealing wax, tweezers, or utensils for sewing; souvenirs, which contained thin ivory tablets for note taking; and shuttles for knotting lace. Gold snuffboxes and boxes decorated with portrait miniatures were prized and frequently given as royal gifts, often to ambassadors or members of the court in lieu of cash payments for their services. Coveted and admired, these boxes were produced from a variety of materials. The best were skillfully made of gold and embellished with diamonds, enameled decoration, lacquer, and other luxurious materials. By the middle of the century, the taking of snuff had become an entrenched social ritual, and the snuffbox, too, had become an important social prop. Snuffboxes were considered highly fashionable accessories, with some merchants advertising new boxes with each change of season. The popularity of snuffboxes extended to all levels of society, and for those who could not afford gold, boxes were produced in less expensive materials such as silver, tortoiseshell, porcelain, or domestically produced lacquer.
Signature: [1] Vachette, Bijoutier, à Paris (on rim of box); [2] Blarenber... ([Henri-Joseph van Blarenberghe] on painting on cover)

Inscription: Miniature: Inscribed (top, lower right, in brown, falsely): BLARENBE[RGHE]

Marking: [1] crowned fleur-de-lys, two grains de remède, A V, device a cock, in lozenge (maker's mark);
[2] rooster's head (guarantee mark for small gold, Paris, 1798–1838);
[3] eagle's head (gold restricted warranty, Paris, 1838–46);
[4] hand (verification mark for small objects, Paris, 1809–19);
[5] indistinguishable, possibly a head in a circle

Location of marks:
[1], [5]: inside of box
[2], [3], [4]: on rim
J. Pierpont Morgan , London and New York (until 1917; to MMA)
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