Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

October from a set of the Twelve Months

Designer:
Possibly after a design by Bernard van Orley (Netherlandish, Brussels ca. 1492–1541/42 Brussels)
Date:
ca. 1525–28
Culture:
Flemish, Brussels
Medium:
Wool, silk (20 warps per inch, 8 per cm.)
Dimensions:
H. 183 x W. 151 inches (464.8 x 383.5 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Tapestries
Credit Line:
Bequest of Helen C. Juilliard, 1916
Accession Number:
19.172.2
Not on view
Like the Ages of Man tapestries (also on display in this gallery and perhaps designed in the same artist's workshop), the subject of this tapestry explores the cyclical nature of time. Embodying October, peasants sow the fields with seed in a crisp Autumnal landscape. Jupiter, seated on a plough, looks down the scene.

A Zodiacal belt encloses this medallion, with Scorpio triumphant. Pairs of women with hourglasses separate the signs, whilst the background shifts from bright daylight through dusk to dark night, thence back through dawn to day. In the upper corners are SUPERNAS, actually a summer wind, and NOTUS, a south wind. In the lower corners are further charmingly-observed scenes of country life.
Inscription: OCTOBER (top center of zodiacal band, below Scorpion); IVPITER (top center of medallion, next to Jupiter); NOTVS (top right corner, beside figure); SVPERNAS (top left corner, to right of figure and in yellow)
Séchan , Paris (until 1875) ; [ Séchan sale, Hôtel Drouot , February 22–27, 1875 and March 1–4, 1875, no. 906] ; Dreyfus de Gonzales (until 1896; de Gonzalez sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, June 1–4, 1896, no. 253/5); [ William Baumgarten , New York ] ; Mrs. Augustus D. Juilliard (until 1916; bequeathed to MMA)
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