Art/ Collection/ Art Object

October from a set of the Twelve Months

Designer:
Possibly after a design by Bernard van Orley (Netherlandish, Brussels ca. 1492–1541/42 Brussels)
Date:
ca. 1525–28
Culture:
Flemish, Brussels
Medium:
Wool, silk (20 warps per inch, 8 per cm.)
Dimensions:
H. 183 x W. 151 inches (464.8 x 383.5 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Tapestries
Credit Line:
Bequest of Helen C. Juilliard, 1916
Accession Number:
19.172.2
Not on view
Like the Ages of Man tapestries (also on display in this gallery and perhaps designed in the same artist's workshop), the subject of this tapestry explores the cyclical nature of time. Embodying October, peasants sow the fields with seed in a crisp Autumnal landscape. Jupiter, seated on a plough, looks down the scene.

A Zodiacal belt encloses this medallion, with Scorpio triumphant. Pairs of women with hourglasses separate the signs, whilst the background shifts from bright daylight through dusk to dark night, thence back through dawn to day. In the upper corners are SUPERNAS, actually a summer wind, and NOTUS, a south wind. In the lower corners are further charmingly-observed scenes of country life.
Inscription: OCTOBER (top center of zodiacal band, below Scorpion); IVPITER (top center of medallion, next to Jupiter); NOTVS (top right corner, beside figure); SVPERNAS (top left corner, to right of figure and in yellow)
Séchan , Paris (until 1875) ; [ Séchan sale, Hôtel Drouot , February 22–27, 1875 and March 1–4, 1875, no. 906] ; Dreyfus de Gonzales (until 1896; de Gonzalez sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, June 1–4, 1896, no. 253/5); [ William Baumgarten , New York ] ; Mrs. Augustus D. Juilliard (until 1916; bequeathed to MMA)
Related Objects

August from a set of the Twelve Months

Artist: Possibly after a design by the workshop of Bernard van Orley (Netherlandish, Brussels ca. 1492–1541/42 Brussels) Date: ca. 1525–28 Medium: Wool, silk (20 warps per inch, 8 per cm.) Accession: 19.172.1 On view in:Not on view

Adoration of the Kings

Artist: Design attributed to Bernard van Orley (Netherlandish, Brussels ca. 1492–1541/42 Brussels) or a member of his workshop Date: ca. 1530–35 Medium: Wool, silk, silver, silver-gilt thread (20 warps per inch, 8 per cm.) Accession: 14.40.706 On view in:Not on view

The Birth and Naming of Saint John the Baptist; (reverse) Trompe-l'oeil with Painting of The Man of Sorrows

Artist: Bernard van Orley (Netherlandish, Brussels ca. 1492–1541/42 Brussels) Date: ca. 1514–15 Medium: Oil on wood Accession: 2001.216.3 On view in:Not on view

Honor from the series "The Honors"

Artist: Design attributed to Bernard van Orley (Netherlandish, Brussels ca. 1492–1541/42 Brussels) and workshop, with collaborators Date: designed before 1520, woven between 1525 and 1532 Medium: Wool and silk (wefts); wool (warps): 6-7 warp threads per cm. Accession: 2015.396 On view in:Not on view

The Twelve Ages of Man: The Third Three Ages of Man (36-54), or Autumn

Artist: Probably after a design by the Workshop of Bernard van Orley (Netherlandish, Brussels ca. 1492–1541/42 Brussels) Date: ca. 1515 Medium: Wool, silk (16-20 warps per inch, 6-8 per cm.) Accession: 53.221.3 On view in:Not on view