Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Tankard

Maker:
Johann Berend (master 1696, died 1704)
Date:
ca. 1700
Culture:
Livonian, Riga
Medium:
Silver, partly gilt
Dimensions:
9 1/2 x 9 15/16 in. (24.1 x 25.2cm); Diameter: 7 3/8 in. (18.7 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Silver
Credit Line:
The Collection of Giovanni P. Morosini, presented by his daughter Giulia, 1932
Accession Number:
32.75.84
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 551
Most tankards were made in the beer-drinking countries of Northern Europe. They were usually made of pewter, ceramic, or sometimes of stone or wood, but as early as the sixteenth century a growing class of wealthy burghers created a demand for a more luxurious variety in silver. Tankards could be cylindrical or cone-shaped, low and broad or tall and slender, and were usually quite capacious. They were fitted with hinged lids, and supported on molded, circular feet. The silver ones were often richly ornamented by engraved, repoussé, or cast elements. Toward the mid-seventeenth century, Scandinavian tankards evolved into a distinctive Baroque variety, with a low, broad, cylindrical body supported by three ball feet, an S-shaped handle, and a hinged lid that was often ornamented with engraved or repoussé decoration. Swedish examples were often fitted with ornamental disks screwed to the exterior of the lid. The Swedish type prevailed also in the Baltic land of Livonia, a territory subject to the Swedish crown until 1720, and the city of Riga was the major producer of Livonian silver tankards. The Museum's tankard is engraved with the arms of Fredrich Wessenlinck and his wife, Ursula von Vriesbergen. Wessenlinck was an official for Livonian agricultural affairs in Stockholm. The tankard is a typical product of Riga, with its ball-shaped, foliate-covered feet attached to foliate cartouches enframing medallions with heads, and a circular plate on the lid depicting lovers in a pastoral landscape. It differs from Swedish tankards of the period in the exuberance of the entwined pomegranates on its thumbpiece and the split spirals at the base of the handle.
Inscription: Engraved on the side of tankard around coats of arms: Friedrich Wesselinck Vrsula Von Vreisbergen / Anno 1699 (owners' names and date).

Marking: Stamped on exterior of bottom: [1] Crossed keys within a shield (town mark of Riga in use in the eighteenth century); [2] Roman capitals I B flanking a tree and within a shaped shield (maker's mark of Johann Berend).
Giovanni Pertinax Morosini , Riverdale-on-Hudson, New York
Related Objects

Tankard

Artist: Johann Georg Eben (recorded 1702–10, master 1703, died 1710) Date: 1707 Medium: Silver, parcel gilt Accession: 25.15.1 On view in:Gallery 551

Tankard engraved with scenes depicting the Fire of London and the Great Plague

Artist: I N (British, mid-late 17th century) Date: 1675/76 Medium: Silver Accession: 1987.54 On view in:Gallery 510

Holy-water stoup with relief of Mary of Egypt

Artist: Giovanni Giardini (Italian, Forlì 1646–1722 Rome) Date: ca. 1702 Medium: Lapis lazuli, silver, and gilded bronze Accession: 1995.110 On view in:Gallery 550

Cup with cover and stand (one of a pair)

Artist: John Parker (British, active 1759–77) Date: 1766/67 Medium: Silver-gilt Accession: 2011.124.1a–c On view in:Gallery 515

Tankard

Artist: Ludwig Wachman (mentioned 1632) Date: 1640–50 Medium: Silver-gilt Accession: 2008.543.1 On view in:Gallery 533