Satirical references to Catholic practice in the form of fantastic, dog-faced creatures holding rosaries and other accessories appear on this flask. It was probably made as a diplomatic gift for a foreign Protestant prince, Johann Casimir of Bavaria (1543–1592), whose arms appear on it. The decorative scheme of fabulous beings, fruits, birds, and masks is derived from the work of the engraver and architect Jacques Androuet du Cerceau (1510/12–1585).
Inscription: On banderole, in blue: CONSTANTER ET SINCERE 1581; On underside foot, in blue: NISMES/1581
Marking: Coronet, arms, device and motto of Prince John Casimir of Bavaria (1543–92) as Elector of the Palatinates of the Rhine and Saxony
Baron Gustave de Rothschild , Paris (by 1900) ; [ Jacques Seligmann , Paris (in 1906; sold to Morgan for £5,500) ] ; J. Pierpont Morgan , New York (from 1906) ; Baron Lambert , Brussels ; Baroness Rothschild-Lambert (by 1933–41; Rothschild-Lambert sale, Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, March 7, 1941, no. 104; to MMA)