Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Bowl (Écuelle) with cover

Maker:
Louis Landes (master ca. 1770, active 1789)
Date:
1774
Culture:
French, Toulouse
Medium:
Silver
Dimensions:
Overall: 4 3/4 x 7 x 11 5/8 in., 37.496oz. (12.1 x 17.8 x 29.5 cm, 1063g) Wt: tureen only: 562g; Wt. cover only: 501g
Classification:
Metalwork-Silver
Credit Line:
Bequest of Catherine D. Wentworth, 1948
Accession Number:
48.187.7a, b
Not on view
Covered bowls such as this were known in France as ecuelles, and were intended for the serving of hot broth or soup. Broth was commonly served in the morning in the bedroom during the toilette, the elaborate washing and dressing ritual. The bowl's cover kept the contents warm, and the broth could be sipped from the bowl by using the two handles, while bread rested on the stand.
This basin and stand are decorated with the most common of all Rococo motifs, scrolls in the form of the letter C, and with abstract shell and vegetal forms. The handles are formed of looping bands entwined with laurel branches. The design of this ecuelle is masterful; little is known about the Toulouse silversmith Louis Landes, but the Rococo silver produced in Toulouse in the third quarter of the eighteenth century is among the finest French silver made in this style.
Marking: [1] L / LAN / DES, a pellet below (maker's mark)
[2] Crowned foliate italic M (charge mark for large work, jurisdiction of Toulouse, 1768-74)
[3] T O L, a fleur-de-lis between 2 grains de remède above, T between 2 grains de remède below (Toulouse warden's mark, 1774)
[4] Horse's head (discharge mark for large work, jurisdiction of Toulouse, 1768-74)
[5] A cross cléché (discharge mark for small work, jurisdiction of Toulouse, 1768-74)
[6] Boar's head (Paris restricted warranty mark for silver, 1838-79)
[7] Swan in oval (French mark for silver imported from countries without customs conventions, 1893 to present)

Location of marks:
[1]-[3] on base of dish, inside cover, under rim of plate
[4] on base of dish, under rim of plate
[5] on top rim of cover
[6] on base of dish, plate, inside cover, finial
[7] on insetting rim of cover
Catherine D. Wentworth (until 1948; to MMA)
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