Daniel Govaers (or Gouers) (French, master 1717, active 1736)
Gold, rubies, diamonds
7/8 x 2 3/4 x 2 in. (2.2 x 7 x 5.1cm)
Metalwork-Gold and Platinum
Bequest of Catherine D. Wentworth, 1948
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 530
In eighteenth-century Europe, Paris led the production of high-quality luxury goods. Parisian goldsmiths made a wide range of small, personal articles such as snuffboxes; étuis to hold sealing wax, tweezers, or utensils for sewing; souvenirs, which contained thin ivory tablets for note taking; and shuttles for knotting lace. Gold snuffboxes and boxes decorated with portrait miniatures were prized and frequently given as royal gifts, often to ambassadors or members of the court in lieu of cash payments for their services. Coveted and admired, these boxes were produced from a variety of materials. The best were skillfully made of gold and embellished with diamonds, enameled decoration, lacquer, and other luxurious materials. By the middle of the century, the taking of snuff had become an entrenched social ritual, and the snuffbox, too, had become an important social prop. Snuffboxes were considered highly fashionable accessories, with some merchants advertising new boxes with each change of season. The popularity of snuffboxes extended to all levels of society, and for those who could not afford gold, boxes were produced in less expensive materials such as silver, tortoiseshell, porcelain, or domestically produced lacquer.
Signature: Engraved on insetting of rim: Gouers AParis
Marking:  2 grains de remède, device a star (incomplete maker's mark);  griffin's head (Paris charge mark for gold, 1732–38);  crowned Roman R (Paris warden's mark for 1733–34);  hound's head (Paris discharge mark for small work, 1732–38);  eagle's head with double outline (Paris mark for gold, restricted warranty, 1847–present).
Location of marks: : inside wall of box , : inside wall and bottom of box , : outside on rim of box,  struck twice
[ Jacques Helft (sold to Mrs. Wentworth) ] ; Catherine D. Wentworth (until 1948; to MMA)