The scene on this plate is based on a print begun by the skilled Parisian engraver Pierre Milan and finished several years later by an assistant to Milan, René Boyvin. The original composition is after a fresco by Rosso Fiorentino ("Il Rosso"). The subject refers to the origin of the name of Fontainebleau: a thirsty hunting dog named Bleau separated from its master and found in the forest a clear, pure spring; his master, "one of our kings," named the spring after him "la Fontaine de Bleau."
The image of Diana, Nymph of Fontainbleau, enjoyed great popularity: the Museum has two other versions of this composition, notably a copy of the engraving in the Department of Drawings and Prints (32.105), and an oil on wood painting in the Department of European Paintings (42.105.12).
Inscription: Stickers:  18;  6773 (Berwind list number)