Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Drop-front desk (secrétaire à abattant or secrétaire en cabinet)

Maker:
Attributed to Roger Vandercruse, called Lacroix (French, 1727–1799)
Factory:
Porcelain plaques by Sèvres Manufactory (French, 1740–present)
Date:
porcelain ca. 1764, secretary ca. 1775
Culture:
French, Paris and Sèvres
Medium:
Oak veneered with satin-wood, green and black-stained wood; gilt bronze, marble, soft-paste porcelain, silk
Dimensions:
Overall: 50 1/2 × 33 5/8 × 14 in. (128.3 × 85.4 × 35.6 cm)
Classification:
Woodwork-Furniture
Credit Line:
Gift of Samuel H. Kress Foundation, 1958
Accession Number:
58.75.52
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 529
Several related secretaries are known that have either a porcelain plaque or a marquetry roundel on the fall front and are signed or attributed to Roger Vandercruse. The son of a Flemish cabinetmaker, Vandercruse also used the French equivalent of his name, Lacroix. Typical of his oeuvre is the colorful cornflower and latticework marquetry. The decoration of the large Sèvres plaque, with its geometric pattern of ribbons and shells interspersed with diapered cartouches and garlands, is similar to that of useful wares, and thought to date to about 1764. Antedating the secretary by a decade, it may originally have been intended as the top for a small table. The maltese cross at the center of the plaque alludes to a special commission.
Marking: Unmarked
Sir Charles Mills, Baronet ; The Lords Hillingdon , London ; The Samuel H. Kress Foundation (until 1958; to MMA)
Related Objects

Small oval writing table (one of a pair)

Artist: Roger Vandercruse, called Lacroix (French, 1727–1799) Date: ca. 1775 Medium: Bois satiné, possibly purplewood, holly and stained holly on oak substrate; bottom shelf: walnut; gilt-bronze mounts; leather writing surface Accession: 1974.356.152 On view in:Not on view

Small oval writing table (one of a pair)

Artist: Roger Vandercruse, called Lacroix (French, 1727–1799) Date: ca. 1775 Medium: Oak veneered with satiné wood, tulipwood; leather; gilt bronze Accession: 1974.356.151 On view in:Gallery 547

Oblong table

Artist: Roger Vandercruse, called Lacroix (French, 1727–1799) Date: ca. 1765 Medium: Tulipwood and satiné wood with oak and walnut substrate; brass mounts; leather Accession: 1974.356.193 On view in:Not on view

Oval table

Artist: Roger Vandercruse, called Lacroix (French, 1727–1799) Date: ca. 1770–75 Medium: Satinwood and stained wood, gilt bronze, leather Accession: 1974.356.190 On view in:Not on view

Commode

Artist: Roger Vandercruse, called Lacroix (French, 1727–1799) Date: ca. 1755–60 Medium: Oak veneered with tulip-, rose-, and end cut kingwood, gilt bronze, rouge griotte marble Accession: 1982.60.59 On view in:Gallery 539