Matthew Boulton (British, Birmingham 1728–1809 Birmingham)
sockets by Robert Garrard I (active 1780–1818)
sockets by John S. Hunt (entered 1844)
Overall: 45 1/2 × 25 1/2 in. (115.6 × 64.8 cm)
Bequest of Rupert L. Joseph, 1959
Not on view
Matthew Boulton, one of the fathers of the industrial revolution, established a manufactory in Birmingham to produce silver, ormolu, plate, coins, medals. He also entered into partnership with James Watt to produce the first commercial steam engines. This massive candelabra is based on a Roman triumphal column in Alexandria known as the column of Pompey. It bears the arms of Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, who became the colonel of the 15th Light Dragoons in 1802, which probably commissioned this candelabra as a gift.
Inscription: Monogram: (on finial; on sockets s-y) E D C with prince's coronet above
Inscribed (around base, in Greek) AIOKAHTIANON. TON. METICTON / MO..OC. EMAPXOC. AITYHTOY / TON...P..TATON. AYTOKPATOPA, TON. MOAIOYXON. AAEEANAPEIAC (trans: Pos(eidi)os, Governor of Egypt, (set up this statue of) Diocletian the most (holy) Emperor, the protector of Alexandria, the most great.)
(On front and back of base) GIR within garter with royal crown: above: 15th or King's / Hussars: below, on ribbon: EMSDORF (this was therefore probably put on between the date of George V's accession to the throne and 1922.)
Marking: Marks on candelabrum:  Lion passant (English quality mark for sterling);  anchor (Birmingham town mark);  Small Roman h (Birmingham date letter for 1805–6);  King's head (duty paid mark);  M B (maker's mark for Matthew Boulton).
Location of marks: – on base; on finial; on square section of end of arms (f) and (h); on socket (s) (mark  faint, mark  semi-struck); – on sockets (t-v) (one illegible mark on (t), possibly mark ); , – on square section end of arm (d); ,  on square section end of arm (j) (also two illegible marks)
Marks on sockets:  Leopard's head (London assay office mark);  small black letter c (London date letter for 1858–59);  small black letter r (London date letter for 1872–73);  Lion passant (English quality mark for sterling);  Queen's head (duty mark);  I S H crowned (maker's mark for John S. Hunt, entered 1844);  R G crowned (maker's mark for Robert Garrard, entered 1821)
Location of marks: , , – on sockets (z), (aa–cc); , , , ,  on socket (dd)
The Fifteenth Regiment (King's Regiment of Hussars), Great Britain ; Ernest Augustus I, King of Hanover, Duke of Cumberland ; Mr. Rupert L. Joseph (until 1959; bequeathed to MMA)