Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Snuffbox

Factory:
Saint-Cloud (French, active by 1693–1766)
Date:
ca. 1748
Culture:
French, Saint-Cloud
Medium:
Soft-paste porcelain, silver
Dimensions:
L. 2 3/4 in. (7.0 cm.)
Classification:
Ceramics-Porcelain
Credit Line:
The Lesley and Emma Sheafer Collection, Bequest of Emma A. Sheafer, 1973
Accession Number:
1974.356.553
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 530
In eighteenth-century Europe, Paris led the production of high-quality luxury goods. Parisian goldsmiths made a wide range of small, personal articles such as snuffboxes; étuis to hold sealing wax, tweezers, or utensils for sewing; souvenirs, which contained thin ivory tablets for note taking; and shuttles for knotting lace. Gold snuffboxes and boxes decorated with portrait miniatures were prized and frequently given as royal gifts, often to ambassadors or members of the court in lieu of cash payments for their services. Coveted and admired, these boxes were produced from a variety of materials. The best were skillfully made of gold and embellished with diamonds, enameled decoration, lacquer, and other luxurious materials. By the middle of the century, the taking of snuff had become an entrenched social ritual, and the snuffbox, too, had become an important social prop. Snuffboxes were considered highly fashionable accessories, with some merchants advertising new boxes with each change of season. The popularity of snuffboxes extended to all levels of society, and for those who could not afford gold, boxes were produced in less expensive materials such as silver, tortoiseshell, porcelain, or domestically produced lacquer.
Marking: [1] Crowned fleur-de-lis, 2 grains de remède, P M C or P C M, device illegible (unidentified maker's mark); [2] Arm (Paris charge mark for small work, 1744–50); [3] Crowned H (Paris warden's mark, 1748–49); [4] Salmon's head (Paris discharge mark for small work, 1744–50)

Location of marks:
[1]–[4] on insetting rim
Lesley and Emma Sheafer , New York (until 1974; bequeathed to MMA)
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