This gold and enamel snuffbox is an example of the exuberant Rococo motifs that found their way onto a variety of luxury items, including these small cases for holding nasal tobacco that became popular during the eighteenth century. Marked by the goldsmith Noël Hardivillers, the box is decorated on the lid with a charming vignette that features an overturned basket of flowers tied with a blue ribbon, surrounded by S-shaped scrolls and shell motifs engraved into the surrounding surface and heightened with translucent enamel en basse taille, a goldsmith technique that entails engraving or chasing the surface of the metal with a design and then covering it with a layer of translucent enamel, in a similar manner to another snuffbox by Hardivillers in the museum (1976.155.5).
[Dr. Iris Moon, 2015]
Inscription: Scratched on bezel on right end near hinge: 2785 citt(?) x x
Marking: Stamped inside bottom, left wall, and cover:  crowned fleur-de-lis, two grains de remède, NH, device a cock (maker's mark for Noël Hardivillers);  ox's head (Paris charge mark for gold and small silver 1750–56);  crowned italic O (Paris warden's mark for gold, 1754–55); Stamped on bezel on right end:  shell (Paris discharge mark for gold and small silver, 1756–62)
Baron Alfred de Rothschild , London ; C.H.T. Hawkins , London ; Edmund A. Phillips , London (by 1926) ; S. J. Phillips Ltd. (by 1928) ; Mrs. Meyer Sassoon , London (by 1938) ; Mr. and Mrs. Charles Wrightsman , New York (until 1976; to MMA)