Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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Tureen with cover and liner

Maker:
Jacques-Nicolas Roettiers (1736–1788, master 1765, retired 1777)
Date:
1775–76
Culture:
French, Paris
Medium:
Silver
Dimensions:
H. 12-1/4 in. (31.1 cm.); L. 15-1/2 in. (39.4 cm.); D. 9-7/8 in. (25.1 cm.)
Classification:
Metalwork-Silver
Credit Line:
Gift of Dorothy C. Livingston, in loving memory of Robert R. Livingston, 1986
Accession Number:
1986.320a–c
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 522
This tureen is very similar to those in the Orloff service, and it is marked by the silversmith responsible for many pieces in that celebrated set, Jacques-Nicolas Roettiers (see also 48.187.386, .387). He was the son of a prominent silversmith, Jacques Roettiers (1707–1784), and he became one of the most accomplished practitioners of the Neoclassical style in silver. Roettiers’s skill as a silversmith is evident in this tureen, which employs bold Neoclassical motifs such as rosettes, acanthus leaves, guilloche molding, and volute feet that are all integrated into a harmonious and elegant composition. The detail and crispness of the motifs are notable, and the finial is a masterful three-dimensional essay in the Neoclassical taste.

The quality of the object is evident not only in its design and execution but also in its significant weight. As works in silver were valued in the eighteenth century more for the intrinsic worth of their metal than for the craftsmanship involved in their making, the amount of silver employed was an indication of both the importance of the object and the wealth of the owner.

Given all the impressive attributes of this tureen, it is surprising that nothing at all is known of its early history. It has been suggested that the tureen, its mate, and other pieces from the original service were acquired at the time of the French Revolution by the American diplomat Gouverneur Morris, who was serving as minister to France. It appears that Morris brought the silver back to America when he returned in 1794 and that he sold at least some of it to Robert R. Livingston (1746–1813), the distinguished first chancellor of New York State. This tureen descended in the Livingston family until 1986, when it was donated to the Metropolitan Museum.

[Jeffrey H. Munger, 2010]
Marking: [1] Fleur-de-lis, 2 grains de remède, J N R, a sheaf of wheat (maker's mark);
[2] Crowned A (Paris charge mark for large silver, 1774–80);
[3] Crowned M (Paris warden's mark, 1775–76);
[4] Monkey's head (Paris discharge mark for gold and small silver, 1774–80);

Location of marks:
[1]-[3] inside bottom, inside cover, on bottom of liner;
[4] on top rim of liner
Robert R. Livingston ; Dorothy C. Livingston (until 1986; to MMA)
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