The two terms were made in 1616 by Pietro Bernini (1562–1629) with the assistance of his more famous son, the sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598–1680), for Cardinal Scipione Borghese. Each consisting of a half-body merging into a tapering pedestal, they originally stood in the gardens of the Villa Borghese in Rome, at the entrance to the cardinal's Vigna di Porta Pinciana. Appropriately laden with fruits and flowers, the Flora (see 1990.53.1) and Priapus, carved in an energetic, rustic fashion, symbolize the abundance of nature in spring and autumn.
Inscription: Inscribed (probably later, on side of block below right arm): GB
Delivered to Cardinal Scipione Borghese for his gardens at the Villa Borghese, Rome (1617–d. 1633) ; subsequent owners of Villa Borghese, Rome (until 1891) ; presumably bought in Rome by Luther Kountze for his estate in Morristown, New Jersey (probably 1891–d. 1918) ; his son William de Lancey Kountze ; and Martha Kountze , estate at Morristown (1918–his death in 1925) ; Order of Saint Benedict of New Jersey, Saint Mary's Abbey–Delbarton School , Morristown (1925–90; sold to MMA)