Ignaz Joseph Würth (Austrian, first mentioned 1769, died 1792)
Overall (wt confirmed): 11 15/16 x 9 7/8 in., 6000g (30.3 x 25.1 cm, 6kg)
Purchase, Anna-Maria and Stephen Kellen Foundation Gift, 2002
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 553
The wine coolers formed part of the now dispersed so-called Second Duke of Sachsen-Teschen Service, which originally included all kinds of silver tableware as befit the splendor of royal dining. The overall style is indebted to French Neoclassical designs and encapsulates the strong appreciation of contemporary French art and culture by the patrons, Duke Albert Casimir of Sachsen-Teschen (d. 1822) and his consort, Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria (d. 1798), sister of Queen Marie-Antoinette and daughter of Empress Maria Theresa. Nonetheless, the vigorous design, the sparkling play of textures, and the daring juxtaposition of classical elements with whimsical sculptural details embody the freshness of the Viennese interpretation of high-style French Neoclassicism. In 1780 the duke and archduchess were appointed joint governors of the Austrian Netherlands. Imperial court goldsmith Wiirth created a magnificent service that fully exploited the light- reflective quality of the precious metal. Draped around the wine coolers' bodies are lion skins, which refer to Hercules' wearing the skin of the Nemean lion as a symbol of his strength. The lion skins also teasingly evoke insulation of the coolers. The trophies and grapevines symbolize Bacchus, god of wine and erotic ecstasy, representing the triumph of the pleasures of life over an ancient symbol of worldly power.
Inscription: Incised on inside of body and outside of liner: V Scrached on underside of foot: N:5.M.21.6.1.
Marking: 1] II/W in oval (maker's mark) 2] Viennese hallmark for 1781 3] early nineteenth-century Austrian control marks 4] later French import marks
[ sale, Galerie Fischer, Lucerne , May 6, 1947, lot 125 ] ; [ sale, Ader Picard Tajan, Paris , June 23, 1976, lot 69 ] ; [ sale, Christie's, New York , April 11, 1995, lot 120 ] ; Private Collection ; [ sale, Sotheby's, New York , April 18–19, 2002, lot 45; sold to Neuse ] ; [ Galerie Neuse Kunsthandel GmbH (in 2002, sold to MMA) ]
Artist: Designed by architect Isidor Canevale (1730–1786)Date: ca. 1765–72, with later additionsMedium: Carved, painted, and gilded pine; plaster; gilt bronze; mirror glass; oak flooringAccession: 63.229.1On view in:Gallery 526