Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Mace Made for Henry II of France

Diego de Çaias (Spanish, recorded 1535–49)
ca. 1540
Steel, gold, silver
L. 24 in. (60.9 cm); W. 4 1/2 in. (11.4 cm); Wt. 3 lb. 8 oz. (1588 g)
Shafted Weapons
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1904
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 374
This mace bears the emblems and mottoes of Henry II (reigned 1547–59) and the signature of the Spanish-born swordsmith and damascener Diego de Çaias, who worked for the French court from 1535 to 1542 and then in England at the court of Henry VIII. The mace appears to have been made for Henry between the time he became dauphin (heir apparent) in 1539 and de Çaias's departure for England in 1542. The tiny multifigured battle scenes in gold and silver are characteristic of de Çaias's work.
Inscription: Inscribed on the head between two flanges: DIDACVS DE ÇAIAS FACIEBAD (Diego de Çaias made it);

On one facet of the shaft: DECVS ET TVTAMEN IN ARMIS (glory and defense in arms) from Virgil's Aeneid, V, 262;

On one facet of the shaft: DONEC TOTVM IMPLEAT ORBEM (until [it] fills up the whole world), the motto used by Henry II of France with his device of interlacing crescents.
Ex. coll.: Don José de Argaiz, Madrid; Frédéric Spitzer, Paris; Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc de Dino, Paris.
London. South Kensington Museum. "Sepcial Exhibition of Spanish and Portuguese Ornamental Art," January 10–May 30, 1881, no. 396.

Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. "The Triumph of Humanism: A Visual Survey of the Decorative Arts of the Renaissance," October 22, 1977–January 8, 1978.

San Francisco. de Young Museum, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. "The Triumph of Humanism," October 22, 1977–January 8, 1978.

Giraud, Jean-Baptiste, and Émile Molinier. "Armes et Armures." In La Collection Spitzer. Vol. 6 text. Paris: Maison Quantin, 1892. p. 61, no. 276, pl. XLI.

Galerie Georges Petit. Catalogue des Armes et Armures Faisant Partie de la Collection Spitzer. Paris: Galerie Georges Petit, June 10-14 1895. no. 151, ill.

Cosson, Charles Alexander. Le Cabinet d'Armes De Maurice De Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc De Dino. Paris: E. Rouveyre, 1901. p. 81, no. H. 2, pl. 16.

Dean, Bashford, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Catalogue of European Arms and Armor. Metropolitan Museum of Art Handbook, Vol. 15. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1905. pp. 140–143, fig. 70 C.

Laking, Guy Francis, Charles A. de Cosson, and Francis Henry Cripps-Day. A Record of European Armour and Arms Through Seven Centuries. Vol. IV. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1921. pp. 333–335, fig. 1398.

Dean, Bashford, and Robert T. Nichol. Handbook of Arms and Armor, European and Oriental, edited by Stephen V. Grancsay. 4th ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, October 1930.

Granscay, S. V. Historical Arms and Armor: Twenty Plates. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1935.

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