Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Helmet all'Antica

Attributed to Filippo Negroli (Italian, Milan ca. 1510–1579)
ca. 1532–35
Italian, Milan
H. 11 1/4 in. (85 cm); W. 8 1/4 in. (20.9 cm); D. 9 in. (22.7 cm); Wt. 2 lb. 2 oz. (964 g)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1904
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 374
Fashioned to resemble a head of tightly curled hair encircled by a wreath of oak leaves, this helmet evokes the appearance of an ancient hero, perhaps a Roman emperor. The reference to the oak (rovere, in Italian) may indicate that the helmet was made for a member of the della Rovere family, dukes of Urbino. The cheek-pieces are probably nineteenth-century restorations.
Ex. coll.: Mariano Fortuny, Barcelona, Spain (also Madrid, Rome); Basilewski, Paris; Eugene Piot, Paris; Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc de Dino, Paris.
"Objets d'art et de curiositʹe, armes, faïences Hispano-Moresques, étoffes et broderies, bronzes Orientaux, coffrets d'ivoire...." In Atelier de Fortuny, oeuvre posthume. Paris: Hôtel Drouot, April 26–30, 1875. no. 20.

de Beaumont, Édouard. "Les Armures et les Armes Anciennes au Trocadéro, part 2." Gazette de Beaux-Arts XVIII (May 1878). p. 711 (description of the alla romana helmet fashioned with curly hair and a wreath of oak leaves, lent by Count Basilewski and said to have come from the Fortuny collection).

Chevallier Paul. "Objets d'art de la Renaissance." In Collection Eugène Piot. Paris: Hôtel Drouot, May 21-24, 1890. no. 282 (not in M.M.A.) (this helmet).

de Cosson, Charles A. Le Cabinet D'Armes de Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc de Dino, Étude Descriptive par le Baron de Cosson. Paris, October 31, 1901. p. 31, no. B 26, pl. 9 (ill.).

Dean, Bashford. Catalogue of European Arms and Armor. Metropolitan Museum of Art Handbook, Vol. no. 15. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1905. p. 113, fig. 49H (this helmet, said to resemble the Negroli helmets in Madrid and Vienna, but not attributed to Negroli).

Grancsay, Stephen V. "Fortuny as a Collector and Restorer of Ancient Arms and Armor." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin XVI, no. 11 (November, 1921). pp. 236-237, fig, 4 (ill.).

Laking, Guy Francis, Charles A. de Cosson, and Francis Henry Cripps-Day. A Record of European Armour and Arms Through Seven Centuries. Vol. 4. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1921. p. 142, fig. 1229 (ill.).

Cripps-Day, Francis Henry. A Record of Armour Sales, 1881–1924. London: George Bell & Sons, 1925. p. 25 (Piot sale, give provenance as Fortuny, Basilewski, Piot and Dino).

Thomas, B., and Ortwin Gamber. "L'Arte Milanese dell'Armatura." Storia di Milano XI (1958). p.763 (our helmet discussed).

Aroldi, Aldo M. Armi e Armature Italiane Fino al XVIII Secolo. Milano, 1961. fig. 167 (our helmet ill.).

Boccia, Lionello G., and Eduardo T. Coelho. L'Arte dell'Armatura in Italia. Milano: Bramante Editrice, 1967. p. 329 (our helmet discussed).

Scalini, Mario. Armature all'eroica dei Negroli. Specchio del Bargelo, Vol. 38. Firenze: Museo Nazionale del Bargello, 1987. p. 14, fig. 6 (this helmet suggested to belong to the armor of 1532 made by Filipo Negroli for Guidobaldo II della Rovere, Duke of Urbino, now in Vienna, no. A498).

Williams, Alan R. "The Steel of the Negroli." Metropolitan Museum Journal 34 (1999). pp. 106–108, figs. 10–13 (this burgonet, the cheek pieces said to be of iron, the bowl of low-carbon steel).

Williams, Alan. The Knight and the Blast Furnace: A History of the Metallurgy of Armour in the Middle Ages & the Early Modern Period. History of Warfare, Vol. 12. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2003. p. 239 (microstructure of MMA piece examined, found to be of two types, low-carbon steel for the bowl, iron for the cheeks).

Dal Poggetto Paolo Dr., Piero della Francesca, Titian (Tiziano Vecellio), Palazzo Ducale, Urbino, and Palazzo Ducale, Pesaro. "a cura di Paolo Dal Poggetto." In I Della Rovere: Piero della Francesca, Raffaello, Tiziano. Milan, 2004. p.333, no. VII.4 (burgonet 04.3.202 discussed, with some confusion, by Daniele Diotallevi, and ill. in color).

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