Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Burgonet

Date:
ca. 1550
Culture:
French
Medium:
Steel, gold
Dimensions:
H. 14 in. (35.6 cm); W. 8 1/4 in. (21 cm); D. 14 1/4 in. (36.2 cm); Wt. without buffe 4 lb. 3 oz. (1905 g)
Classification:
Helmets
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1904
Accession Number:
04.3.217
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 374
The medallions on either side of the bowl are embossed with scenes from Greek mythology depicting the Battle of Centaurs and Lapiths, a popular subject in Renaissance art. The compositions derive in part from design by Rosso Fiorentino (1494–1540), one of the Italian artists called to Fontainebleau to work for the French court.

Probably made for Henry II of France (reigned 1547–59), the helmet passed as a diplomatic gift to the Medici court in Florence later in the sixteenth century. It is illustrated in a portrait of Cosimo II de' Medici (1590–1621), grand duke of Tuscany, in the Metropolitan Museum's collection (acc. no. 22.150).
Ex. coll.: Comte Auguste de Colbert, Paris; Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc de Dino, Paris.
London. Gothic Hall. "Splendid Collection of Military Antiquities," 1819.

Blois, France. Ville de Blois. "Exposition rétrospective et moderne.," 1875.

Paris. Musée de l'Armée. "Sous L'Égide de Mars: Armures des Princes d'Europe," March 16–June 26, 2011, no. 21.

Gothic Hall. Catalogue of a Splendid Collection of Military Antiquities, Comprising ... Specimens of Arms and Armour from the Norman Conquest to the Latest Periods. 4th ed. ed. London, 1819. p. 19, no. 119 (possibly this helmet, described as "An elegant embossed Helmet...").

Gothic Hall (London, England) and Christie, Manson & Woods. A Catalogue of the Third and Last Part of the Truly Magnificent Collection of Ancient Armour and Arms of Various Periods and Almost of Every Nation, with Rare and Costly Weapons. London, April 6–7, 1821. no. 229.

Collas, Achille, Paul Delaroche, Louis-Pierre Henriquel-Dupont, Charles Lenormant, and V. Goupil. "Recueil Général de Bas-Reliefs et d'Ornemens." Trésor De Numismatique Et De Glyptique, Ou Recueil Général De Médailles, Monnaies, Pierres Gravées, Bas-Reliefs, Etc: Tant Anciens Que Modernes, Les Plus Intéressants Sous Le Rapport De L'art Et De L'histoire 19 (1836). no. 3, pl. XXIV.

Jolimont, François Gabriel Théodore Busset de, Jules Gagniet, and Caroline Naudet. Recueil D'objets D'art Et De Curiosités. Paris: C. Naudet, 1836–38. pl. 23.

Asselineau, Léon-Auguste. Armes Et Armures Du Moyen Age Et De La Renaissance: Choix Et Reproduction Des Plus Remarquables Spécimens Conservés Dans Les Principaux Musées Et Cabinets De l'Europe. Paris: A. Lévy, 1864. pl. 44.

Lièvre, Edouard. Les Collections Célèbres D'œuvres D'art: Dessinées Et Gravées D'après Les Originaux. Paris: Goupil & cie, 1866. pl. 53.

Société de Protection des Alsaciens et Lorrains Demeurés Français. Notice Sommaire Des Objets D'art: Exposés Dans Le Palais De La Présidence Du Corps Législatif, Le 23 Avr. 1874, Au Profit Des Alsaciens-Lorrains En Algérie. Paris: J. Glaye, 1874. p. 35, vitrine 17.

Ville de Blois. Exposition Rétrospective et Moderne. Catalogue des Objets d'Art Exposés au Château de Blois dans les Salles du Palais de Gaston d'Orléans. Blois, 1875. p. 130, no. 2462 (described as "Casque en fer repoussé, doré, travail italien du XVIe s...").

Véron, Eugène, Charles H. Tardieu, Émile Molinier, and Paul Leroi. L'Art 8 (1877). p. 156, ill.

Maze-Sencier, Alphonse. Le Livre Des Collectionneurs. Paris: Librairie Renouard, 1885. p. 709.

Alexandre, Arsène, and Roger Marx. Histoire De L'art Décoratif Du Xvie Siècle Á Nos Jours. Paris: Renouard, 1891. fig. 290.

Maindron, M. "La Collection dArmes du Musée du Louvre." Gazette Des Beaux-Arts 6 (3rd period) (1891). p. 474 (this helmet referred to as "Une seule pièce peut être comparée à l'armure de Henri II...").

Cosson, Charles Alexander. Le Cabinet D'armes De Maurice De Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc De Dino. Paris: E. Rouveyre, 1901. pp. 32–34, no. B.29, pl. 10.

Dean, Bashford, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Catalogue of European Arms and Armor. Metropolitan Museum of Art Handbook, Vol. 15. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1905. fig. 52.

Laking, Guy Francis, Sir. "The Romance of Some Pieces of Armour." The Art-Journal (1907). p. 33, ill.

Dean, Bashford. Handbook of Arms and Armor: European and Oriental, Including the William H. Riggs Collection, the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: Gilliss Press, January 1915. p. 136, pl. XXXIV.

Dean, Bashford. Notes on Arms and Armor. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1916.

Dean, Bashford. Handbook of Arms and Armor: European and Oriental, Including the William H. Riggs Collection, the Metropolitan Museum of Art. 3rd ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, April 1921. pl. XXXIV.

Laking, Guy Francis, Charles A. de Cosson, and Francis Henry Cripps-Day. A Record of European Armour and Arms Through Seven Centuries. Vol. IV. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1921. pp. 182–89, figs. 1264–65.

Dean, Bashford. "Ancient Armor Lost and Found: A Missing Visor Returns." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 17, no. 11 (November 1922). pp. 237–39, ill.

The New York Herald. "Fate Rejoins the Separated Parts of Treasuries of Art." The New York Herald (August 5, 1923). p. 6 (?), ill.

Dean, Bashford, and Robert T. Nichol. Handbook of Arms and Armor, European and Oriental, edited by Stephen V. Grancsay. 4th ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, October 1930. pp. 133, 136–37, 309, fig. 87–88.

Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1944. p. 5, fig. 2.

Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1946. p. 5, fig. 2.

Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. 3rd ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1951. p. 5, fig. 2.

Grancsay, Stephen V. "The Armor of Henry II of France from the Louvre Museum." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 11, no. 2 (October 1952). pp. 68–80, ill.

Grancsay, Stephen V. "The New Galleries of European Arms and Armor." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 14, no. 9 (May 1956). pp. 211, 222, ill.

Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. 4th ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1957. p. 5, fig. 2.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Guide to the Collections: Arms and Armor. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1962. fig. 20.

Thomas, Bruno. "Die Münchner Waffenvorzeichnungen des Etienne Delaune und die Prunkschilde Heinrichs II. von Frankreich." Jahrbuch Der Kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wien 58 (1962). pp. 145–46, fig. 125.

Thomas, Bruno, Ortwin Gamber, and Hans Schedelmann. Die Schönsten Waffen und Rüstungen aus Europäischen und Amerikanischen Sammlungen. Heidelberg: Keysersche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1963. no. 42, ill.

Boccia, Lionello G., and Bruno Thomas. Armi storiche del Museo Nazionale di Firenze, Palazzo del Bargello, restaurate dall'aiuto austriaco per Firenze. Florence: Tipografia D. Lumini, 1971. pp. 39, 44, figs. H, L.

Blair, Claude. Arms, Armour and Base-Metalwork: The James A. De Rothschild Collection at Waddesdon Manor. James A. de Rothschild Collection at Waddesdon Manor. Fribourg: Office du Livre, 1974. pp. 48–52.

Firenze e la Toscana dei Medici nell'Europa del Cinquecento and Paola Barocchi. Palazzo Vecchio: Committenza E Collezionismo Medicei. Florence: Edizioni Medicee, 1980. p. 402 (appendix entry K).

Boccia, Lionello G. "Gli Inventari Secenteschi delle Armerie Medicee: Appunti Lessacali sull'Armamento Difensivo." In Convegno Nazionale Sui Lessica Tecnici Del Sei E Settecento, Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore, 1–3 Dicembre 1980: Contributi. Florence: Eurografica S.p.A., 1980. pp. 343–44 (Medici inventory reference for this helmet and buffe cited).

Nickel, Helmut. "Arms and Armor from the Permanent Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 49, no. 1 (Summer 1991). pp. 25, 64, ill.

Luchinat, Cristina Acidini, and Maria Sframeli. Magnificenza Alla Corte Dei Medici: Arte a Firenze Alla Fine Del Cinquecento. Milan: Electa, 1997. pp. 396–98 (Medici armor discussed).

Scalini, Mario. "Pracht und Geschichte - Die Kunsthandwerklichen Sammlungsobjekte." In Die Pracht Der Medici: Florenz Und Europa, edited by Cristina Acidini Luchinat, and Mario Scalini. Vienna: Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, 1998.

Luchinat, Cristina Acidini, Mario Scalini, Marco Chiarini, Lucia Minunno, Maria Antonia Rinaldi, Thierry Crépin-Leblond, and Giovanna Damiani. Splendore Dei Medici: Firenze E l'Europa. Firenze: Octavo, 1999. p. 45, ill.

Luchinat, Cristina Acidini. The Medici, Michelangelo, and the Art of Late Renaissance Florence. New Haven: Yale University Press in association with the Detroit Institute of Arts, 2002. pp. 275, 277, no. 135, ill.

Renaudeau, Olivier, Jean-Pierre Reverseau, Musée de l'Armée, and Jean-Paul Sage-Frénay. "Armures des Princes d'Europe." In Sous l'Égide de Mars. Paris: Éditions Nicolas Chaudun, 2010. pp. 17, 105, 147, 151, 164–67, 290, no. 21, ill.



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