Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Burgonet

Date:
ca. 1550–55
Geography:
Milan
Culture:
Italian, Milan
Medium:
Steel, gold
Dimensions:
H. 15 1/2 in. (39.4 cm); H. of comb 2 1/2 in. (6.4 cm); W. 9 in. (22.9 cm); D. 11 in. (27.9 cm); Wt. 4 lb. 9 oz. (2069.5 g)
Classification:
Helmets
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1904
Accession Number:
04.3.223
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 374
Allegorical figures of Fame and Victory are embossed on the sides of the bowl. The helmet was originally fitted with a pivoting visor and plates at the nape.
Ex. coll.: Marquis del Bosch, Valencia, Spain; Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc de Dino, Paris, France.
Thomas, B., Ortwin Gamber, and Hans Schedelmann. Die schönsten Waffen und Rüstungen aus europäischen und amerikanischen Sammlungen. Heidelberg, Fig. A. 693, no. 28 (A similar helmet attributed to Filippo and Francesco Negroli...in the Waffensammlung of the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna, discussed).

Boeheim, Wendelin. "Werke Mailänder Waffenschmiede in den Kaiserlichen Sammlungen." Jahrbuch der Kunsthistorischen Sammlungen des allerhöchsten Kaiserhauses 9 (1889). pp. 396–397 (attributes helmet similar to ours to L. Piccinino).

de Cosson, Charles A. Le Cabinet D'armes De Maurice De Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc De Dino. Paris: E. Rouveyre, 1901. pp. 34–35, no. B. 30, pl. 9 (called casque a l'antique, Italian, mid XVI century, made by Lucio Piccinino of Milan).

Dean, Bashford. Catalogue of European Arms and Armor. Metropolitan Museum of Art Handbook, Vol. 15. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1905. pp. 105, 113, fig. 49G (called casque, Italian, about 1550, attributed Lucio Piccinino).

Laking, Guy Francis, Charles A. de Cosson, and Francis Henry Cripps-Day. A Record of European Armour and Arms Through Seven Centuries. Vol. IV. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1921. p. 159, fig. 1238 (described and ill.; attributed to Lucio Picinino, about 1560).

Beard, Charles R. "A New-Found Casque by the Negroli." The Connoisseur: an Illustrated Magazine for Collectors CI (1938). pp. 293ff. (our helmet and Vienna helmet considered to be the work of the Negroli).

Thomas, B., and Ortwin Gamber. "L'Arte Milanese dell'Armatura." Storia di Milano XI (1958).

Boccia, Lionello G., and Eduardo T. Coelho. L'Arte dell'Armatura in Italia. Milano: Bramante Editrice, 1967.

Scalini, Mario. "Mecenatismo artistico farnesiano ed armature istoriate nella seconda metà del Cinquecento." Waffen- Und Kostümkunde: Zeitschrift Der Gesellschaft Für Historische Waffen Und Kostümkunde 32 (1990). pp. 15–16, fig. 20 (this helmet attributed to the sculptors Leone Leoni and Pompeo Leoni).

Williams, Alan R. "The Steel of the Negroli." Metropolitan Museum Journal 34 (1999). pp. 110–112, figs. 24–30 (this burgonet, the bowl and upper cheekpieces tested to be of medium-carbon steel, the lower cheekpieces of low-carbon steel).

Williams, Alan. The Knight and the Blast Furnace: A History of the Metallurgy of Armour in the Middle Ages & the Early Modern Period. History of Warfare, Vol. 12. Leiden: Brill, 2002. p. 264 (microstructure of MMA piece examined, foundt o be of mixed carbon contents).



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