Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Curb Bit

Date:
ca. 1350
Culture:
Spanish
Medium:
Iron, copper alloy, enamel, gold
Dimensions:
L. of branches, 12 3/4 in. (32.39 cm); W. of mouthpiece, 4 in. (10.16 cm); Wt. 3 lb. 9 oz. (1616 g)
Classification:
Equestrian Equipment-Bits
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1904
Accession Number:
04.3.478a, b
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 373
This is one of the most elaborately decorated medieval horse bits known. It displays two coats of arms, which appear to belong to Catalan families. The matching heraldic plaque, missing from the opposite side, is preserved in the Musée de Cluny, Paris.
Marking: Lattisani: azure, a bend between a star and a crescent or.
(See additional Notes by H. Nickel - July 1966)
Ex coll.: Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc de Dino, Paris.
Louisville. J. B. Speed Art Museum. "A Loan Exhibition of Equestrian Equipment from the Metropolitan Museum of Art," May 4–July 3, 1955.

Galerie Georges Petit. Catalogue des Armes et Armures Faisant Partie de la Collection Spitzer. Paris: Galerie Georges Petit, June 10-14 1895. p. 14, no. 53, ill.

Seyssel d'Aix, Vittorio, and Luigi Avogadro di Quaregna. Armeria Antica e Moderna de S.M. il Re d'Italia in Torino. Vol. II. Turin: Stabilimento Tipografico Fontana, 1898. no. D58, pl. 80, similar bit illustrated.

Cosson, Charles Alexander. Le Cabinet D'armes De Maurice De Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc De Dino. Paris: E. Rouveyre, 1901. p. 50, no. E. 10, pl. 22.

Laking, Guy Francis, Sir, Charles Alexander Cosson, and Francis Henry Cripps-Day. A Record of European Armour and Arms through Seven Centuries. Vol. 3. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1920. p. 161, fig. 965, ill.

Tóth, Zoltán. "Ueber die mittelalterlichen Hebelstangentrensen des ungarischen Nationalmuseums." Zietschrift fur Historische Waffenkunde 2 (1926). p. 5.

Mann, J. G. "The Lost Armoury of the Gonzagas, Part II: The Libro Aquila." The Archaeological Journal 100 (1945). p. 36, pl. XXXVIII.

Grancsay, Stephen V. A Loan Exhibition of Equestrian Equipment from the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Catalogue. Louisville, Ky.: Speed Art Museum, 1955. no. 12, ill. fig. 12.

Gaitzsch, Wofgang. "Ein westeuropäisches Pferdegeschirr des späten 13. Jahrhunderts aus Pergamon." Istanbuler Mitteilungen 37 (1987). pp. 218–256, another bit bearing similar heraldic arms.

Nickel, Helmut. "Arms and Armor from the Permanent Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 49, no. 1 (Summer 1991). pp. 13, 64, ill.



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