Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Armor of Sir James Scudamore (1558–1619)

Armorer:
Made under the direction of Jacob Halder (British, master armorer at the royal workshops at Greenwich, documented in England 1558–1608)
Armorer:
Breastplate, backplate, and gauntlets made by Daniel Tachaux (French, 1857–1928, active in France and America) in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Armor Workshop
Date:
ca. 1595–96
Geography:
Greenwich
Culture:
British, Greenwich
Medium:
Steel, gold, leather
Dimensions:
H. 70 1/4 in. (178.5 cm); Wt. 50 lb. 7 oz. (22.88 kg)
Classification:
Armor for Man
Credit Line:
Frederick C. Hewitt Fund, 1911
Accession Number:
11.128.2a–n
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 371
Sir James Scudamore (1558–1619) was a prominent Elizabethan soldier and courtier. Also an enthusiastic jouster, he was praised in Edmund Spenser’s Faerie Queene (published 1596) as an example of chivalry personified.

This armor was part of a large garniture, which probably had exchange pieces to adapt it for cavalry, infantry, and possibly also tournament use. It was made in the royal workshops at Greenwich about 1595–96, perhaps in anticipation of Scudamore’s participation in the 1596 naval attack on Cadiz, Spain. Scudamore’s portrait, still in the possession of his descendants, shows him wearing this armor.

The remains of this and the earlier Scudamore armor in the adjacent case were found, badly damaged and incomplete, in 1909, in Holme Lacy, the ancestral home of the Scudamores. The armors were restored and completed in The Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1915, by the armorer Daniel Tachaux. The parts made by Tachaux include the breastplate, backplate, and gauntlets.
Ex. coll.: Sir James Scudamore and Edwyn Francis Scudamore-Stanhope, 10th Earl of Chesterfield, Holme Lacey, Herefordshire, England.
London. H. M. Tower of London. "Exhibition of Armour Made in the Royal Workshops at Greenwich," May 22–September 29, 1951, no. 15.

Grancsay, Stephen V. "Notes on Armor of the Greenwich School." Metropolitan Museum Studies 2, pt. 1 (1929). p. 90.

Dean, Bashford, and Robert T. Nichol. Handbook of Arms and Armor, European and Oriental, edited by Stephen V. Grancsay. 4th ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, October 1930. p. 142, fig. 95.

Williams, Alan, and Anthony de Reuck. The Royal Armoury at Greenwich 1515–1649: A History of Its Technology. Royal Armouries Monograph 4. Leeds: Trustees of the Royal Armouries, 1995. pp. 101–102, ill.



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