Most Italian barbutes have a T-shaped face opening. The rounded eye openings and pointed nasal of this helmet are very unusual. It is stamped with two marks, a castle and the letter P beneath a split cross, identified as the armorer Pietro da Castello (documented in Brescia from 1469 to 1486, died before 1498).
Marking: Stamped with two marks on the back right side: a castle and the letter P beneath a split cross (identified as those of the armorer Pietro da Castello, documented in Brescia from 1469 to 1486, died before 1498).
William H. Riggs, Paris (until 1913; his gift to MMA).
Wallace Collection and James G. Mann. European Arms and Armour. Vol. I. London: Printed for the Trustees by W. Clowes and sold at Hertford House, 1962. pp. 96–97, no. A. 75, pl. 55.
Nickel, Helmut. Ullstein-Waffenbuch: Eine Kulturhistorische Waffenkunde Mit Markenverzeichnis. Berlin: Ullstein, 1974. p. 83, ill.
Boccia, Lionello G. Le Armature di S. Maria delle Grazie di Curtatone di Mantova e l'Armatura Lombarda del'400. Busto Arsizio: Bramante Editrice, 1982. pp. 286–288, nos. B2, B5.
Bull, Stephen. An Historical Guide to Arms and Armor, edited by Tony North, editor. New York: Facts on File, Inc, 1991.