Most Italian barbutes have a T-shaped face opening. The rounded eye openings and pointed nasal of this helmet are very unusual. It is stamped with two marks, a castle and the letter P beneath a split cross, identified as the armorer Pietro da Castello (documented in Brescia from 1469 to 1486, died before 1498).
Marking: Stamped with two marks on the back right side: a castle and the letter P beneath a split cross (identified as those of the armorer Pietro da Castello, documented in Brescia from 1469 to 1486, died before 1498).
William H. Riggs, Paris (until 1913; his gift to MMA).
Athens. National Gallery Alexandros Soutzos Museum. "Treasures from the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York: Memories and Revivals of the Classical Spirit," August 15, 1979–November 15, 1979, no. 35 catalogue by J.D. Draper and J. Mertens.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Heroic Armor of the Italian Renaissance: Filippo Negroli and his Contemporaries," October 8, 1998–January 17, 1999.
Wallace Collection and James G. Mann. European Arms and Armour. Vol. I. London: Printed for the Trustees by W. Clowes and sold at Hertford House, 1962. pp. 96–97, no. A. 75, pl. 55.
Nickel, Helmut. Ullstein-Waffenbuch: Eine Kulturhistorische Waffenkunde Mit Markenverzeichnis. Berlin: Ullstein, 1974. p. 83, ill.
Boccia, Lionello G. Le Armature di S. Maria delle Grazie di Curtatone di Mantova e l'Armatura Lombarda del'400. Busto Arsizio: Bramante Editrice, 1982. pp. 286–288, nos. B2, B5.
Bull, Stephen. An Historical Guide to Arms and Armor, edited by Tony North, editor. New York: Facts on File, Inc, 1991.