Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Burgonet

Date:
ca. 1550
Geography:
Milan
Culture:
Italian, Milan
Medium:
Steel, gold
Dimensions:
H. 10 1/8 in. (25.7 cm); H. of comb 2 1/16 in. (5.3 cm); W. 8 3/16 in. (20.8 cm); D. 13 1/4 in. (33.7 cm); Wt. 3 lb. 5 oz. (1502 g)
Classification:
Helmets
Credit Line:
Gift of William H. Riggs, 1913
Accession Number:
14.25.602
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 374
Ex. coll.: Meyrick; Castellani; Stein; William H. Riggs, Paris.
"La Collection Charles Stein." Gazette des Beaux-Arts, Courrier Europeen, de L'Art et de le Curiosite, 2, XXXIII p. 119 (this helmet mentioned in review of Stein sale).

"Rüstungen und Waffen." In Meyers Konversations-Lexikon. Leipzig, fig. no. 11 (this helmet illustrated, still listed as being in the Stein collection, Paris).

Meyrick, Samuel Rush. A Critical Inquiry into Antient Armour, as it Existed in Europe, but Particularly in England, from the Norman Conquest to the Reign of King Charles II: Illustrated by a Series of Illuminated Engravings, with a Glossary of Military Terms of the Middle Ages. Vol. III. 1st ed. London: Robert Jennings, London, 1824. p. 47, pl. LXVIII (this burgonet, then in Meyrick Collection).

Skelton, Joseph. Engraved Illustrations of Antient Armour, from the Collection at Goodrich Court, Herefordshire, after the Drawings, and with the Description of Dr. Meyrick. Vol. I. London, 1830. pl. LXX, figs. 2–3 (our burgonet, then in Meyrick collection, called Italian, possibly made for a Medici; this morion, in Meyrick Collection).

Jolimont, François Gabriel Théodore Busset de, Jules Gagniet, and Caroline Naudet. Recueil D'Objets D'Art et de Curiosités. Paris: C. Naudet, 1836–38. pl. 4 (our burgonet, no source collection given).

Perrot, A.M. Panoplie: Armes de Tous les Temps et de Tous les Peuples. Vol. 2. Paris, 1864–1865. p. 77, pl. L, fig. 18 (our burgonet, no source collection given).

Planché, J.R., and Victoria and Albert Museum. Catalogue of the Armour and Miscellaneous Objects of Art Known as the Meyrick Collection, lent by Colonel Meyrick...and Exhibited at the South Kensington Museum. London: H. M. Stationery Office, 1869. p. 39, no. 530 (probably this burgonet).

Sculptures en Ivoire du XIe au XVIe Siècle. Paris: Hôtel Drouot, April 7–8, 1879. p. 38, no. 74 (gives Meyrick provenance; Riggs' note in catalogue: "retiree par Castellani;" said to bear arms of Medici).

Giraud, Jean-Baptiste. Les Arts du Métal; Recueil Descriptif et Raisonné des Principaux Objets Ayant Figuré à l'Exposition de 1880 de l'Union Centrale des Beaux-arts. Paris: A. Quantin, 1881. pl. XXX (this helmet, then in Charles Stein collection).

Objets d'Art, de Haute Curiositʹe et d'Ameublement. Paris: Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, May 10–14, 1886. p.36, no. 135, ill. (sold to Riggs for 6,400 francs; original receipt in Riggs file).

Dean, Bashford. Handbook of Arms and Armor: European and Oriental, Including the William H. Riggs Collection, the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: Gilliss Press, January 1915. pl. XXXV (the burgonet illustrated among others).

Dean, Bashford. Handbook of Arms and Armor: European and Oriental, Including the William H. Riggs Collection, the Metropolitan Museum of Art. 3rd ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, April 1921. pl. XXXV.

Dean, Bashford, and Robert T. Nichol. Handbook of Arms and Armor: European and Oriental, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, edited by Stephen V. Grancsay. 4th ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, October 1930. fig. 85.

Williams, Alan R. "The Steel of the Negroli." Metropolitan Museum Journal 34 (1999). p. 118, figs. 54–55 (this burgonet, tested to be of medium carbon steel).

Williams, Alan. The Knight and the Blast Furnace: A History of the Metallurgy of Armour in the Middle Ages & the Early Modern Period. History of Warfare, Vol. 12. Leiden: Brill, 2002. p. 244 (microstructure of MMA piece examined, found to be of steel with about 0.4% carbon).



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