Armor for Man and Horse Armor Presumably Made for Baron Pankraz von Freyberg (1508–1565)
Wolfgang Grosschedel (German, Landshut, active ca. 1517–62)
man's armor, ca. 1535–40; horse armor, dated 1554; saddle steels, later restorations
Steel; leather, copper alloy, textile
Wt. of man's armor approx. 55 lb. 11 oz. (25.25 kg); Wt. of horse armor with saddle 65 lb. 7 oz. (29.69 kg)
Armor for Horse and Man
Fletcher Fund, 1923
On view at Not on view
Wolfgang Grosschedel was the most famous Landshut armorer of his generation. Included among his patrons were the Holy Roman Emperor and Philip II of Spain. These armors for man and horse constitute superb examples of Grosschedel's work from different periods in his career.
The man's armor, dating from about 1535–40, is stamped with Grosschedel's personal mark and that of Landshut. The etched decoration includes human figures and ornaments copied from engravings by the German printmaker Barthel Beham (1502–1540). The armor is part of a garniture that originally included exchange elements for use in battle and in the tourney, a mock combat fought with lances and swords.
The horse armor, dated 1554, is complete and homogeneous and, though unmarked, can be attributed to Grosschedel on stylistic grounds. The escutcheon on the shaffron (defense for the horse's head) bears the arms of a member of the Bavarian family Freiberg von Aschau, possibly Pankraz von Freiberg (1508–1565). The armors for both man and horse were preserved together in the armory of Hohenaschau Castle, the historical seat of the Freibergs, until the mid-nineteenth century.
Inscription: Inscribed on the shaffron, rein plate, and crupper: 1554.
Marking: Stamped on the breastplate: W (Grosschedel's personal mark), and the mark of the city of Landshut (a small helmet).
Presumably made for Baron Pankraz von Freyberg, Aschau, Germany (ca. 1535–d. 1565); preserved in Hohenaschau Castle, Aschau in Chiemgau, Germany (1565–mid-19th century); Count György László Festetics de Tolna, Vienna (mid-19th century–d. 1883); by descent to Prince Tasziló Festetics de Tolna, Vienna (from 1883); Prince Eugen Czernin, Petersburg Castle, Bohemia (by 1923; sold to MMA).
Artist: Helmet, arm defenses, gauntlets and leg defenses by Wolfgang Grosschedel (German, Landshut, active ca. 1517–62)Date: ca. 1550–80Medium: Steel, gold, leather, textile, copper alloyAccession: 04.3.278; 22.147.6, .7On view in:Not on view