Very similar sword grips of ivory, carved with fanciful Rococo ornament of shells and waves, are recorded in the armory of the prince-elector of Bavaria in Munich in the 1740s. The lion at the top of the grip holds a crescent moon beneath its paw, probably alluding to recent European victories over the Ottoman Turks in Eastern Europe.
Jean Jacques Reubell, Paris (until 1926; his gift to MMA).
Berliner, Rudolf. "4. Die Bildwerke in Elfenbein, Knochen, Hirsch- und Steinbockhorn." In Die Bildwerke. Kataloge des Bayerischen Nationalmuseums München; Bd. 13. Augsburg: Filser, 1926. p. 105, no. 497–99, pl. 257 (hunting swords with similar carved ivory grips).
Dean, Bashford. Catalogue of European Court Swords and Hunting Swords: Including the Ellis, De Dino, Riggs, and Reubell Collections. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1929. p. 71, no. 9, pl. XCI.
Nickel, Helmut. "Arms and Armor from the Permanent Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 49, no. 1 (Summer, 1991). p. 41, ill.