Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Wheellock Rifle Made for Emperor Leopold I

Stock maker:
Johann Michael Maucher (German, Schwäbisch Gmünd, 1645–1701)
I. C. Schefl (German, Graz, 17th century)
ca. 1685
Schwäbisch Gmünd
German, Schwäbisch Gmünd
Steel, pearwood, ivory, mother-of-pearl
L. 43 1/2 in. (110.5 cm); L. of barrel 30 1/4 in. (76.8 cm); Cal. .50 in. (12.7 mm); L. of lock 8 1/16 in. (20.5 cm); L. of stock 43 9/16 in. (110.6 cm); Wt. 8 lb. 10 oz. (3912 g)
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1928
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 375
One of Maucher's greatest masterpieces, the stock is delicately worked in low relief and decorated with inset panels of ivory. The largest panel, on the lid of the patchbox, depicts the goddess Fortuna or the Birth of Venus. In his signature on the stock, Maucher identifies himself as a "sculptor and stock carver."
Inscription: Inlaid in brass on the barrel: a unicorn holding a sphere, surmounted by the initials I.C.S.;

Inscribed on a plaque on the butt, in relief: IOHAN MICHAEL MAVCHER BILDHAVWER VNND BIXEN SHIFTER ZVE SHWEB: GEMEND (Johann Michael Maucher sculptor and stock carver from Swabia: Gmünd);

On the barrel: I : C : SCHEFL IN. GRAZ.
Ex. coll.: John B. Caldwell.
Los Angeles. Los Angeles County Museum of Art. "Loan Exhibition of Mediaeval and Renaissance Arms and Armor from the Metropolitan Museum of Art," January 15–March 18, 1953.

Dean, Bashford. Notes on Arms and Armor. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1916.

Nickel, Helmut. Ullstein-Waffenbuch: Eine Kulturhistorische Waffenkunde Mit Markenverzeichnis. Berlin: Ullstein, 1974. p. 255, ill.

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