Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Wheellock Rifle Made for Emperor Leopold I

Stock maker:
Johann Michael Maucher (German, Schwäbisch Gmünd, 1645–1701)
Barrelsmith:
I. C. Schefl (German, Graz, 17th century)
Date:
ca. 1685
Geography:
Schwäbisch Gmünd
Culture:
German, Schwäbisch Gmünd
Medium:
Steel, pearwood, ivory, mother-of-pearl
Dimensions:
L. 43 1/2 in. (110.5 cm); L. of barrel 30 1/4 in. (76.8 cm); Cal. .50 in. (12.7 mm); L. of lock 8 1/16 in. (20.5 cm); L. of stock 43 9/16 in. (110.6 cm); Wt. 8 lb. 10 oz. (3912 g)
Classification:
Firearms-Guns-Wheellock
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1928
Accession Number:
28.125
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 375
One of Maucher's greatest masterpieces, the stock is delicately worked in low relief and decorated with inset panels of ivory. The largest panel, on the lid of the patchbox, depicts the goddess Fortuna or the Birth of Venus. In his signature on the stock, Maucher identifies himself as a "sculptor and stock carver."
Inscription: Inlaid in brass on the barrel: a unicorn holding a sphere, surmounted by the initials I.C.S.;

Inscribed on a plaque on the butt, in relief: IOHAN MICHAEL MAVCHER BILDHAVWER VNND BIXEN SHIFTER ZVE SHWEB: GEMEND (Johann Michael Maucher sculptor and stock carver from Swabia: Gmünd);

On the barrel: I : C : SCHEFL IN. GRAZ.
Ex. coll.: John B. Caldwell.
Pittsburgh. Carnegie Museum of Art. "Mediaeval and Renaissance Arms and Armor, loan exhibition from MMA," January 15, 1953–April 1954.

Los Angeles. Los Angeles County Museum of Art. "Loan Exhibition of Mediaeval and Renaissance Arms and Armor from the Metropolitan Museum of Art," January 15–March 18, 1953, no. 121.

Los Angeles. Los Angeles County Museum of Art. "Mediaeval and Renaissance Arms and Armor, loan exhibition from MMA," January 15–March 18, 1953, no. 121.

San Francisco. California Palace of the Legion of Honor, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. "Loan Exhibition of Mediaeval and Renaissance Arms and Armor from the Metropolitan Museum of Art," April 18–June 7, 1953.

San Francisco. Legion of Honor, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. "Mediaeval and Renaissance Arms and Armor, loan exhibition from MMA," April 18, 1953—June 7, 1953, no. 121.

Pittsburgh. Department of Fine Arts, Carnegie Institute. "Loan Exhibition of Mediaeval and Renaissance Arms and Armor from the Metropolitan Museum of Art," October 1953–April 1954, no. 121.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Incisive Images," March 13–November 25, 2007.

Nickel, Helmut. Ullstein-Waffenbuch: Eine Kulturhistorische Waffenkunde Mit Markenverzeichnis. Berlin: Ullstein, 1974. p. 255, ill.



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